Helicobacter pylori eradication rates using conventional triple therapies are falling, making viable second-line and rescue regimens necessary. Levofloxacin, tetracycline and rifabutin are three efficacious antibiotics for rescue therapy.
uniflox 250 mg
Both antibacterials showed a high level of intracellular penetration exhibiting PMNs/plasma ratios of 17.34 +/- 8.29 for moxifloxacin versus 8.15 +/- 5.23 for levofloxacin for maximum concentrations (C(max)) and 14.72 +/- 8.29 for moxifloxacin versus 8.15 +/- 5.23 for levofloxacin for the area under the plasma concentration-time curve. Estimation of the most predictive pharmacodynamic surrogate markers for concentration-dependent bactericidal antibacterials in the intracellular milieu by taking into account the susceptibility of S. pneumoniae and methicillin-susceptible S. aureus demonstrated consistently higher values with moxifloxacin than with levofloxacin, even though with both drugs the levels obtained are well above the recommended targets values. Indeed, C(max)/MIC ratios calculated in PMNs for moxifloxacin were 287.3 and 718.2 for S. pneumoniae and S. aureus, respectively, and for levofloxacin were 25.6 and 205.1, respectively.
uniflox 500 mg levofloxacina
Of 1189 total biopsies, the total infection rate was 3.18% (17 of 535) in the ciprofloxacin group and 2.14% (14 of 654) in the levofloxacin group (P = .26). The rate of mild infection was 0.75% (4 of 535) in the ciprofloxacin group and 1.22% (8 of 654) in the levofloxacin group (P = .56). The rate of severe infection was significantly higher in the ciprofloxacin group at 2.43% (13 of 535) compared with that of 0.92% (6 of 654) in the levofloxacin group (P = .04). On multivariate analysis, use of ciprofloxacin rather than levofloxacin was associated with an increased risk of severe infection (odds ratio, 4.59; P = .04).
uniflox y alcohol
From 175 specimens, 118 (67%) showed positive results in germiculture. Among them, 79 strains of gram positive bacteria and 39 strains of gram negative bacteria were detected. Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus haemolyticus were the most common pathogens in gram positive bacteria. The most common pathogens of gram negative bacteria were P. Aeruginosa, Enterobacter aerogenes, Enterobacter cloacae. The sensitive antibiotic on gram positive bacteria were amikacin, Daptomycin, Linezolid, vancomycin, teicoplanin, amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium, cefuroxime, respectively. The sensitive antibiotics on Gram negative bacteria were amikacin, Cefoperazone/sulbactam and imipenem, ceftazidime ceftazidime, aztreonam, levofloxacin, respectively.
Introduction. Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important pathogen with high morbidity and mortality rates. The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of common serotypes and antimicrobial susceptibility of S. pneumoniae in Korea. Methods. A total of 378 pneumococcal isolates were collected from 2008 through 2014. We analyzed the serotype and antimicrobial susceptibility for both invasive and noninvasive isolates. Results. Over the 7 years, 3 (13.5%), 35 (10.8%), 19A (9.0%), 19F (6.6%), 6A (6.1%), and 34 (5.6%) were common serotypes/serogroups. The vaccine coverage rates of PCV7, PCV10, PCV13, and PPSV23 were 21.4%, 23.3%, 51.9%, and 62.4% in all periods. The proportions of serotypes 19A and 19F decreased and nonvaccine serotypes increased between 2008 and 2010 and 2011 and 2014. Of 378 S. pneumoniae isolates, 131 (34.7%) were multidrug resistant (MDR) and serotypes 19A and 19F were predominant. The resistance rate to levofloxacin was significantly increased (7.2%). Conclusion. We found changes of pneumococcal serotype and antimicrobial susceptibility during the 7 years after introduction of the first pneumococcal vaccine. It is important to continuously monitor pneumococcal serotypes and their susceptibilities.
we reviewed 243 patients retrospectively undergoing RYGB and found 111 patients (45%) with HP infection. Therefore, we compared the eradication rate between 2 different regimens.
uniflox 750 mg
There were 539 PN reports out of 46,257 adverse event reports submitted for fluoroquinolones. Nine percent of PN reports were for GBS. Significant disproportionality of PN (EBGM 2.70; EB05-EB95 2.51-2.90) and GBS (EBGM 3.22; EB05-EB95 2.55-4.02) was identified for fluoroquinolones. Signals of PN were detected for ciprofloxacin (EBGM 3.24; EB05-EB95 2.87-3.66) and levofloxacin (EBGM 3.36; EB05-EB95 3.02-3.72). A GBS signal was detected for ciprofloxacin (EBGM 4.15; EB05-EB95 2.94-5.74). GBS and PN, respectively, ranked 6th and 8th among reported neurologic events.