topcef 200 tablet uses
Shigella infection was diagnosed in 45 cancer patients. The mean age of the patients was 36.02±19.30 years (range: 1-64 years), with 35(78%) patients being >18 years of age. Overall, 16(35.5%) patients had presented during winter months and 40(89%) presented as emergencies. Diarrhoea was present in 44(98%) patients and among them 20(45%) had dysentery whereas 28(64%) had fever and 21(47%) had abdominal pain. Of the total 45 cases, 41(91%) had isolates from stool. Besides, 39(87%) Shigella isolates were further speciated and Shigella flexneri was the most commonly isolated serotype in 25(64.1%). Overall, 42(93%) strains were sensitive to cefixime and ceftriaxone. Mean duration of symptoms resolution was 3.92±1.51 days (range: 1-10 days). No mortality was noted at 2 weeks.
purpose of topcef medicine
During recent years high-performance liquid chromatography has become an excellent tool for the determination of antibiotics in biological fluids. Compared with biological assays, the major benefits of this method are specificity and rapidity. In particular, the determination of biologically inactive metabolites emphasizes that this technique plays an outstanding role for the analysis of antibiotics. This paper describes how the method can be used in the analysis of several antibiotics and demonstrates the efficacy of this method for clinical microbiology. Methods for the determination in biological fluids of acylaminopenicillins (azlocillin, mezlocillin, piperacillin and aspoxicillin), quinolones (ciprofloxacine, norfloxacine and ofloxacine), a penem (imipenem) and a cephalosporin (cefixime) are summarized. Furthermore, their application to in vitro studies and their trial in clinical studies are described.
tab topcef 100
Three hundred and nine (78.8%) of the samples with growth belonged to girls. Growth was found in the neonatal period in 32 patients (8.2%). The most commonly isolated microorganism was Escherichia coli (E. coli) which was found in 68.4% of the patients. Klebsiella spp. were found with a rate of 12.0%; Enterobacter spp. were found with a rate of 10.7% and proteus spp. were found with a rate of 5.1%. Resistance to cefalotin (62.1%), trimethoprim-sulfamethoxasole (43.1%), amoxycillin-clavulanate (34.8%), ampicillin (30.4%), cefixim (26.3%) and nitrofurantoin (3.6%) was found in E. coli species. The antibiotic which had the highest resistance rate was ampicillin with a rate of 93.2% for klebsiella and 83.4% for enterobacter. Klebsiella spp. were the most commonly grown pathogens in newborns (40.6%). In a follow-up period of 5 years, the resistance of E. coli to amoxycillin-clavulanate regressed from 40.3% to 31.3%, while the resistance to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxasole (TMP-SMX) regressed from 45.6% to 34.7%.
tablet topcef 100 dt
MEDLINE (1966-1997), EMBASE (1974-1997), Current Contents, and Science Citation Index searches were conducted to identify randomized controlled trials of the treatment of acute otitis media in children with antibiotics of different durations.
topcef cefixime oral suspension
H. pylori strains (n =181) were obtained from gastric biopsies of patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy from March to December 2013. The susceptibility of H. pylori strains to amoxicillin (AMX), metronidazole (MTZ), clarithromycin (CLR), amoxicillin-clavulanate (AMC), cephalothin (CEP), cefuroxime (CXM), cefixime (CFM), moxifloxacin (MFX) and minocycline (MNO) was determined.
topcef 200 tablet usage
The frequencies of isolation and susceptibilities to antimicrobial agents were investigated on 848 bacterial strains isolated from patients with urinary tract infections in 10 hospitals during the period of June 1990 to May 1991. Of the above total bacterial isolates, Gram-positive bacteria accounted for 23.9% and a majority of them were Enterococcus faecalis. Gram-negative bacteria accounted for 76.1% and most of them were Escherichia coli. 1. Enterococcus faecalis: Ampicillin (ABPC), imipenem (IPM) and vancomycin (VCM) showed the highest activities against E. faecalis isolated from patients with urinary tract infections. The MIC90s of them were 2 micrograms/ml. Piperacillin (PIPC) was also active with the MIC90 of 4 micrograms/ml. The others were not so active with the MIC90s of 32 micrograms/ml or above. 2. Staphylococcus aureus: VCM and arbekacin (ABK) showed the highest activities against S. aureus isolated from patients with urinary tract infections. The MIC90s of them were 1 micrograms/ml. The others were not so active with the MIC90s of 32 micrograms/ml or above. 3. Escherichia coli: Cefozopran (CZOP), carumonam (CRMN) and ofloxacin (OFLX) showed the highest activities against E. coli isolated from patients with urinary tract infections. The MIC90s of them were of 0.125 microgram/ml or below. IPM, cefotiam (CTM) and cefmenoxime (CMX) were also active with the MIC90s of 0.25 micrograms/ml. Penicillins were not so active with the MIC90s of 32 micrograms/ml or above. 4. Klebsiella pneumoniae: Flomoxef (FMOX), cefixime (CFIX), CZOP and CRMN showed the highest activities against K. pneumoniae isolated from patients with urinary tract infections. The MIC90s of them were of 0.125 microgram/ml or below. IPM and gentamicin (GM) were also active with the MIC90s of 0.25 microgram/ml and 0.5 microgram/ml, respectively. All other cephems were also active with the MIC90s of 4 micrograms/ml or below. 5. Citrobacter freundii: GM and IPM showed the highest activities against C. freundii isolated from patients with urinary tract infections. The MIC90s of them were 1 microgram/ml. Amikacin (AMK) was also active with the MIC90 of 4 micrograms/ml. The others were not so active. 6. Enterobacter cloacae: IPM and GM showed the highest activities against E. cloacae isolated from patients with urinary tract infections. The MIC90s of them MIC90s of 0.5 microgram/ml. AMK and OFLX were also active with the MIC90s of 4 micrograms/ml. Penicillins and cephems generally showed lower activities. 7. Proteus mirabilis: Most of the agents were active against P. mirabilis. Cephems were generally active with the MIC90s in a range of < or = 0.125 microgram/ml-4 micrograms/ml.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
tablet topcef dc
While all the isolates were susceptible to ceftriaxone, spectinomycin, cefixime and azithromycin; 74 (98.7%), 24 (32%) and 23 (30.7%) strains were resistant to ciprofloxacin, penicillin and tetracycline respectively, by both disc diffusion method and E -test. The MIC range, MIC50 and MIC90 of N. gonorrhoeae strains, to azithromycin were 0.016-0.25, 0.064 and 0.19 microg/mL, respectively. Follow-up attendance of the patients was 52.4 with 100% clinical and microbiological cure rates.
Six hundred and ninety-nine strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae were examined by the agar dilution method according to the M7-A5 guidelines established by the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS) determine to their beta-lactamase production and susceptibility to penicillin G, cefixime, ceftriaxone, tetracycline, spectinomycin, ciprofloxacin, and azithromycin. The frequency of isolation of penicillinase-producing N. gonorrhoeae decreased gradually, from 7.3% of the test isolates (55 isolates) in 1995 to about 1% in 1998 and 1999. In contrast, while beta-lactamase-nonproducing N. gonorrhoeae exhibiting chromosomally mediated penicillin G resistance were not isolated from clinical specimens in 1995, the incidence of isolation of such resistant strains increased markedly, to 8.2% of 159 isolates, in 1997 and 14.9% of 242 isolates in 1999. The incidence of the isolation of tetracycline-resistant strains also increased between 1996 (none detected) and 1998-1999 (each 7%-8%), and a tendency towards an increase in the frequency of isolates of ciprofloxacin-resistant strains was also observed between 1995 (9.8%) and from 1997 to 1999 (more than 20%). There were no isolates resistant to any two antibiotics among penicillin G, tetracycline, and ciprofloxacin until 1997, but, in subsequent surveys in recent years, multidrug-resistant isolates (resistant to penicillin G, tetracycline, and ciprofloxacin) were detected in 1999.
topcef o tablet
Many sexually transmitted infections are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends screening all pregnant women for human immunodeficiency virus infection as early as possible. Treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy can reduce transmission to the fetus. Chlamydia screening is recommended for all women at the onset of prenatal care, and again in the third trimester for women who are younger than 25 years or at increased risk. Azithromycin has been shown to be safe in pregnant women and is recommended as the treatment of choice for chlamydia during pregnancy. Screening for gonorrhea is recommended in early pregnancy for those who are at risk or who live in a high-prevalence area, and again in the third trimester for patients who continue to be at risk. The recommended treatment for gonorrhea is ceftriaxone 125 mg intramuscularly or cefixime 400 mg orally. Hepatitis B surface antigen and serology for syphilis should be checked at the first prenatal visit. Benzathine penicillin G remains the treatment for syphilis. Screening for genital herpes simplex virus infection is by history and examination for lesions, with diagnosis of new cases by culture or polymerase chain reaction assay from active lesions. Routine serology is not recommended for screening. The oral antivirals acyclovir and valacyclovir can be used in pregnancy. Suppressive therapy from 36 weeks' gestation reduces viral shedding at the time of delivery in patients at risk of active lesions. Screening for trichomoniasis or bacterial vaginosis is not recommended for asymptomatic women because current evidence indicates that treatment does not improve pregnancy outcomes.
topcef clav 200 tablet
The use of BPW-WOA in preference to BPW-VCC for the isolation of E. coli O157 from cattle faeces in future research and outbreak studies should lead to a higher number of positive isolates.