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Orelox (Vantin)
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Orelox

Orelox is in a group of drugs called cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotics. It works by fighting bacteria in your body. Orelox is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria. Orelox may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Other names for this medication:
Cefirax, Cefobid, Cefodox, Cefoprox, Cefpodoxima, Cefpodoxime, Cepodem, Otreon, Tambac, Vantin

Similar Products:
Duricef, Ancef, Kefazol, Keflex, Keftabs, Velocef, Intracef, Ceporin

 

Also known as:  Vantin.

Description

Orelox is an oral, third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It is active against most Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms. Notable exceptions include Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus, and Bacteroides fragilis. Currently, it is only marketed as generic preparations in the USA, according to the FDA Orange Book. It is commonly used to treat acute otitis media, pharyngitis, sinusitis, and gonorrhea. It also finds use as oral continuation therapy when intravenous cephalosporins (such as ceftriaxone) are no longer necessary for continued treatment.

Orelox inhibits cell wall synthesis by inhibiting the final transpeptidation step of peptidoglycan synthesis in cell walls. It has well established pharmacokinetic profile with absorption of 50%. It is indicated in community acquired pneumonia, uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections, and uncomplicated urinary tract infections.

Dosage

Take this medication exactly as it was prescribed for you. Do not take the medication in larger amounts, or take it for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Take this medicine with a full glass of water.

The Orelox tablet should be taken with food.

Orelox oral suspension (liquid) can be taken with or without food.

Shake the liquid well just before you measure a dose. To be sure you get the correct dose, measure the liquid with a marked measuring spoon or medicine cup, not with a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

This medication can cause you to have false results with certain medical tests, including urine glucose (sugar) tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using Orelox.

Take Orelox for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated. Orelox will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Store the tablets at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

Store Orelox oral liquid in the refrigerator. Do not allow it to freeze. Throw away any unused medication that is older than 14 days.

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.

Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhea.

Take the medication as soon as you remember the missed dose. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and use the medicine at your next regularly scheduled time. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhea.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. After mixing the suspension store in a refrigerator between 2 and 8 degrees C (36 and 46 degrees F). Do not freeze. Throw away unused portion after fourteen days. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Orelox are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take this medication if you are allergic to cefpodoxime, or to similar antibiotics, such as Ceftin, Cefzil, Keflex, Omnicef, and others.

Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs (especially penicillin). Also tell your doctor if you have kidney disease or a history of intestinal problems.

Take this medication for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated. Cefpodoxime will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If you have diarrhea that is watery or has blood in it, call your doctor. Do not use any medicine to stop the diarrhea unless your doctor has told you to.

orelox 100 mg

For kinetic studies,24 Wister rats of either sex, 3 months of age, (180-210 gm) were used.(Group I-IV; n=6) Blood samples collected from each animal of Group IV through heart puncture at 0 hour to serve as predrug control. All the group (I-IV) received cefpodoxime proxetil 20 mg/kg once orally as a single dose. At the end of 1,4,12 and 24 hour post oral administration, GroupI,II,III and IVwere utilized for kinetic studies. Blood samples were collected from each animal and vital organs viz brain, lung, liver, spleen, kidney and heart were dissected out for drug analysis and determination of weight. For biochemical parameters, tissue residue and spermatozoa motility, twelve male rats were randomly divided into Groups A and B (n=6) Group B received cefpodoxime (20mg/kg orally bid 7 days) while Group A served as control. Biochemical parameters [Blood glucose, protein, Aspartate transaminase(AST), Alanine transaminase(ALT)and hemoglobin] were measured at 0 and 7 th day while sperm count (total,live and dead)and mean organ weight (study and control group) and tissue residue of drug were evaluated at the end of treatment. Absorption of cefpodoxime was observed at 2 hour and reached a maximum at 4 hour and persisted in blood till 24 hour. Elimination half life in lung was highest followed by heart, liver, kidney and spleen while t½ k in plasma was very low suggesting more affinity of cefpodoxime for tissues than blood.

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Self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery systems (SNEDDS) were developed with the objective to overcome problems associated with the delivery of cefpodoxime proxetil (CFP), a poorly bioavailable high dose antibiotic having pH dependant solubility. Solubility of CFP in oily phases and surfactants was determined to identify components of SNEDDS. Various surfactants and co-surfactants were screened for their ability to emulsify selected oily phases. Ternary phase diagrams were constructed to identify area of nanoemulsification for the selected systems. The influence of CFP and the pH of dilution medium on the phase behavior of selected system were assessed. The globule size of optimized CFP SNEDDS in various dissolution media was determined to check the effect of pH on its behavior. The optimized CFP SNEDDS needed surfactant content less than 40% and yielded nanoemulsion of mean globule size 170 nm, which was not affected by the pH of dilution medium. The optimized SNEDDS released CFP completely within 20 min irrespective of the pH of dissolution medium.

orelox 40 mg enfants

Cefdinir (FK482), a new oral cephalosporin, displayed potent oral activity versus induced infections in mice. In studies using beta-lactamase-nonproducing (beta LAC-) and -producing (beta LAC+) Staphylococcus aureus strains, respective PD50s (in mg/kg) were 11 and 24 for preventing subcutaneous abscess and 2.7 and 2.3 for preventing lethal systemic infection. In studies using beta LAC- and beta LAC+ Haemophilus influenzae, respective PD50s were 5.8 and 3.1 for preventing lethal systemic infection. Time-kill studies versus H. influenzae showed that 6- to 12-mg/kg dosing was effective in reducing viable counts of these strains in blood by > or = 100-fold by 24 h after challenge. This in vivo performance was comparable to or exceeded values generated by cefaclor, cefpodoxime proxetil, and ampicillin.

orelox suspension 100ml

The risk for a child to carry penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (MIC > or = 0.125 mg/l) did not increase after antibiotic treatment: 84 of 364 (23.1%) before, 70 of 364 (19.2%) after. There was a significant decrease of penicillin-susceptible S. pneumoniae carriage, 117 of 364 (32.1%) before treatment compared with 24 of 364 (6.6%) (P = 0.0001) after treatment. However, among the children carrying S. pneumoniae at the end of the treatment there was an increase in the percentage of penicillin-resistant pneumococci: 84 of 201 (41.8%) before treatment and 70 of 94 (74.5%) after treatment. Among the 94 children carrying S. pneumoniae at the end of the treatment, 22 did not harbor pneumococcus before, 16 carried another genotypically different serotype and 56 harbored the same serotype. Among these 56 children 2 patients harbored strains that had increased MICs for the tested beta-lactam antibiotics. The randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis showed that in one case, the strains were genetically different.

orelox dose

Cross-contamination is a critical issue for pharmaceutical manufacturing, especially for beta-lactam antibiotics. Thus, an analytical method for the simultaneous determination of beta-lactam antibiotics cefmetazole (CMZ) and cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDXPR) contaminants in non-beta-lactam pharmaceuticals was developed using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The developed method was found to be sensitive at the detection limit of 0.002 ppm for both compounds. Mean recoveries of CMZ and CPDXPR from olmesartan medoxomil (OLM) tablets were 96.7 to 102.2% and 88.9 to 94.2%, respectively. The developed method was successfully applied for the verification of CMZ and CPDXPR contamination to actually manufactured OLM tablets.

orelox medication

Cefpodoxime (CPDX-PR) was evaluated clinically in respiratory tract infections. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. The total number of the patients who were treated with CPDX-PR was 61, out of whom 53 cases were evaluated for clinical efficacy and 55 cases were investigated for the safety of the drug. CPDX-PR was given orally twice a day at 100-200 mg for 5-21 days. 2. Clinical efficacies were excellent in 9 patients, good in 36, fair in 4 and poor in 4. The overall clinical efficacy was 84.9%. In particular, CPDX-PR showed satisfactory efficacy for acute respiratory infections and mild chronic respiratory infections, with efficacy rates of 88.6% (31/35) and 100% (8/8), respectively. 3. No adverse reactions was observed, but slight and transient elevation of BUN was noted. In conclusion, it has been confirmed that CPDX-PR is an excellent and safe drug for the treatment of the respiratory tract infections.

orelox suspension infantil

Pharmacist intervention and cefpodoxime step-down therapy were associated with decreased overall antibiotic costs in our intravenous-to-oral program.

orelox generic name

We have carried out laboratory and clinical studies on cefpodoxime proxetil (CS-807, CPDX-PR). The results are summarized as follows. CPDX-PR was given via oral administration to each 2 children at a single dose of 3 mg/kg and to each of 3 children in a 100 mg tablet. After the oral administration, mean peak serum levels of CPDX obtained for the 2 dose levels were 1.86 +/- 0.35 micrograms/ml and 2.16 +/- 0.63 micrograms/ml at 2 hours, respectively, and mean half-lives were 1.31 +/- 0.02 hours and 1.47 +/- 0.18 hours, respectively. The mean urinary excretion rate of CPDX was 32.8 +/- 1.0% in the first 12 hours after the oral administration of 3 mg/kg. When a dose of 100 mg tablet was given to each of the 3 children, urinary excretion rates in the first 12 hours were 43.5%, 48.6% and 24.8%, respectively. Treatment with CPDX-PR was done in 38 cases of pediatric bacterial infections; 19 cases of tonsillitis, 3 cases of pharyngitis, 1 case of bronchitis, 3 cases of pneumonia, 3 cases of scarlet fever, 2 cases of impetigo, 4 cases of UTI and 1 case each of phlegmone, subcutaneous abscess and balanitis. Results obtained were excellent in 23 cases, good in 15 cases. No significant side effect due to the drug was observed in any cases.

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In-vitro killing curves, a protection model in immunocompetent mice and an ex-vivo model in volunteers were used to evaluate the efficacy of amoxycillin, cefuroxime axetil and cefpodoxime proxetil against a penicillin-intermediate-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (MIC = 1 mg/L) (PRP) and a penicillin-susceptible S. pneumoniae (MIC = 0.01 mg/L) (PSP). In vitro, the maximal bactericidal activity was obtained with amoxycillin (1 x MIC versus 2 x MIC cefpodoxime and 4 x MIC cefuroxime). Mice were challenged by intraperitoneal inoculation and treated orally every 8 h for 48 h with 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 mg/kg doses of these three beta-lactams. The rate of survival for the PSP strain was 100% with any dose of the three tested antibiotics. For the PRP strain only amoxycillin showed 100% survival with 5, 7.5 or 10 mg/kg doses. Twelve healthy volunteers were randomized in three groups and each received two doses of the oral antibiotic. Blood samples were collected from each subject 0.5 h and 2 h after drug administration and serum inhibitory and bactericidal titres were measured. Similar values were obtained with the three beta-lactams against PSP but against PRP only the serum of volunteers that had taken amoxycillin exhibited serum bactericidal titres of > or = 8. This study suggests a more predictable therapeutic efficacy against pneumococcal infection with amoxycillin than with available oral cephalosporins.

orelox syrup spc

The pharmacokinetic, economic and practical aspects of sequential therapy with iv and oral cephalosporins are reviewed. New broad spectrum oral cephalosporins, such as cefixime, cefpodoxime proxetil and cefetamet pivoxil achieve serum concentrations above the MICs for most Enterobacteriaceae for at least as long as for parenteral cefuroxime. Substantial cost reductions are possible with an early switch from iv to oral cephalosporins. The clinical studies that have been performed so far have important shortcomings. Well designed clinical studies are necessary to prove the feasibility of sequential therapy with cephalosporins for serious infections in hospitalized patients.

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orelox tablets 100mg 2017-11-17

Decreasing the dose frequency of cefpodoxime proxetil increases patient compliance; patients prefer to take the drug once daily. It also improves the rate of bacterial killing and hastens the cure from the indications, and therefore increases compliance. The hydrophilic matrix of HPMC controlled the cefpodoxime proxetil release effectively for 24 hours; hence, the formulation can be considered as a once-daily sustained-release tablet of cefpodoxime proxetil. The formulation showed acceptable pharmacotechnical properties and assay requirements. In vitro dissolution studies indicated a sustained-release pattern throughout 24 hours of the study that was comparable to the theoretical release profile. Drug release kinetics indicated that drug release was best explained by Higuchi's equation, as these plots showed the highest linearity (r (2)=0.9734), but a close relationship was also noted with zero-order kinetics (r (2)=0.9708). Korsmeyer's plots indicated ann value of 0.57, which was indicative of an Supreme Online Store anomalous diffusion mechanism or diffusion coupled with erosion; hence, the drug release was controlled by more than one process. Hixson-Crowell plots indicated a change in surface area and diameter of the tablets with the progressive dissolution of the matrix as a function of time.

orelox junior syrup dosage 2015-04-28

In this study, we evaluated the clinical efficacy of cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR) in otorhinolaryngological infections. The subjects were 205 patients (85 men and 120 women) with various otorhinolaryngological infections, aged from 16 to 81 years (mean 49.2 years): 113 patients had acute infections, 25 patients had chronic infections and 67 patients had acute exacerbation of chronic infections. 1. Clinical evaluation The overall efficacy rate was 75.6%. When classified by disease, the efficacy rate was 84.9%, 60.0%, 65.6% in acute infections, chronic infections and Novaclav 500 Mg Adulte acute exacerbation of chronic infections, respectively. 2. Bacteriological evaluation Frequencies of isolation of different organisms were studied: 49 strains of Staphylococcus aureus, 27 strains of Staphylococcus sp. and 15 strains of Streptococcus sp. were found in the decreasing order of frequencies. Antibacterial activities against S. aureus, Staphylococcus sp. and several other organisms were compared among CPDX-PR, ampicillin, cefaclor, cefteram and norfloxacin: CPDX-PR showed the highest activity. 3. Side effect Mild urticaria was observed in only 1 patient. Abnormal laboratory test results were mild elevation of GOT and GPT in 3 of 43 patients. Based on the above results, we consider that CPDX-PR is useful for treatment of otorhinolaryngological infections.

orelox dosage adults 2015-04-18

The comparative pharmacokinetics of the new oral cephalosporins (ester and nonester types), together with that of the first generation carbacephem, loracarbef, are considered in healthy volunteers. Also in this review, pharmacokinetic and microbiological data are combined in order to predict the possible clinical efficacy of this group of agents. Despite apparent similarities in the structure of these agents, single dose studies have revealed marked differences in the pharmacokinetics of the oral cephalosporins. Multiple dose studies showed no evidence of accumulation with these agents. In the elderly, only minor changes in the Septrin 960 Mg pharmacokinetics of the oral agents were observed, and were insufficient to warrant dosage adjustment. Unlike that of the nonester compounds, the bioavailability of the ester cephalosporins is increased when they are administered after food. Variable effects are observed when the ester agents are coadministered with antacids or H2-antagonists; while the absorption of cefetamet pivoxil was unaffected by coadministered antacids or H2-antagonists, the absorption of cefpodoxime proxetil was reduced.

orelox junior dosage 2016-09-26

The risk for a child to carry penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (MIC > or = 0.125 mg/l) did not increase after antibiotic treatment: 84 of 364 (23.1%) before, 70 of 364 (19.2%) after. There was a significant decrease of penicillin-susceptible S. pneumoniae carriage, 117 of 364 (32.1%) before treatment compared with 24 of 364 (6.6%) (P = 0.0001) after treatment. However, among the children carrying S. pneumoniae at the end of the treatment there was an increase in the percentage of penicillin-resistant pneumococci: 84 of 201 (41.8%) before treatment and 70 of 94 (74.5%) after treatment. Levaquin Related To Penicillin Among the 94 children carrying S. pneumoniae at the end of the treatment, 22 did not harbor pneumococcus before, 16 carried another genotypically different serotype and 56 harbored the same serotype. Among these 56 children 2 patients harbored strains that had increased MICs for the tested beta-lactam antibiotics. The randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis showed that in one case, the strains were genetically different.

orelox suspension precio 2015-06-18

U-76,252 is the prodrug of U-76,253. MICs of U-76,253 were 0.015 to 0.06 microgram/ml for greater than or equal to 90% of the strains of Streptococcus spp., Haemophilus influenzae, and Proteus mirabilis; 0.25 to 1 microgram/ml for Branhamella catarrhalis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp., and Citrobacter diversus; 1 to 8 micrograms/ml for Staphylococcus spp.; and 2 to greater than 16 micrograms/ml for other members of the family Enterobacteriaceae and Aeromonas hydrophila; for 72% of the latter group, MICs were less than or equal to 4 micrograms/ml. MICs for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterococcus faecalis were greater than Fulgram 600 Mg Pediatrico 16 micrograms/ml.

orelox tablet 2016-10-08

Global clinical efficacy was assessed by the physicians to be "very good" Fabramicina Azitromicina 500 Mg and "good" in 96.4% of the cases. With regard to tolerance, the physicians' assessment was "very good" and "good" in 96.3%. In 51 patients (1.9%), 70 adverse drug reactions involving the gastrointestinal tract, CNS and skin occurred.