Staphylococcal isolates from different clinical specimens, pus, urine, blood, high vaginal swab and other secretions received at Ziauddun laboratories and Dr.Essa laboratories were collected. The specimens were inoculated on blood agar, MacConkey agar and Chrom agar. Antibiotic susceptibility to conventional antibiotics was done by disc diffusion, and E-test. Methicillin resistance was tested by using Oxacillin and Methicillin disks and confirmed by gold standard PCR for presence of mecA gene. All MRSA strains were subjected in addition to Vancomycin screen agar test.
TRNG differ from the non-TRNG in their auxotype and serovar distribution. PPNG are more common among the TRNG isolates, whereas CMRNG appear absent. TRNG are isolated more commonly from Afro-Caribbean patients and were not represented among homosexually acquired isolates.
omnix dry syrup
The overall antibiotic susceptibility of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates collected in 1992 (n = 35) and 1993 (n = 85) was highly variable ranging from 0.8% for amoxycillin to 95.8% for ceftriaxone. On a weight for weight basis, the activity of the compounds decreased in the following sequence: ceftriaxone, cefixime, co-trimoxazole, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, cefaclor, amoxycillin/clavulanate, doxycycline, cefuroxime, chloramphenicol, amoxycillin. A small percentage of resistant strains was found for each of the compounds (between 0.8% for ceftriaxone and 12.5% for chloramphenicol) with the exception of amoxycillin which was almost uniformly resistant. There was a trend for the percentage of resistant strains to increase between the two study years for all compounds except for chloramphenicol. Resistance to beta-lactams in France and the USA is likely to have been due to strains producing extended spectrum beta-lactamases.
omnix 100 syrup
We conclude that outpatient therapy is safe and effective in febrile patients with sickle cell disease who meet the criteria for a low risk of sepsis.
omnix o tablet
To confirm whether oral antibiotic treatment is as efficacious as sequential intravenous/oral antibiotic treatment in the prevention of renal scarring in children with acute pyelonephritis and scintigraphy-documented acute lesions.
tab omnix 200 mg
Enteric fever is a major public health problem in developing countries. Due to the problem of resistance to first-line drugs and fluoroquinolone, cephalosporins are currently used for treatment of enteric fever. Cephalosporin resistance in Salmonella spp. is mainly due to production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs). The majority of ESBLs in Salmonella are derivatives of the TEM and SHV β-lactamase families. The objectives of this study were to detect antibiotic susceptibility patterns, ESBL production and TEM-, SHV- and CTX-M-encoding genes (blaTEM, blaSHV and blaCTX-M) among clinical isolates of Salmonella spp. A total of 134 Salmonella isolates [Salmonella Typhi (n = 101), Salmonella Paratyphi A (n = 31), Salmonella Paratyphi B (n = 1) and Salmonella Typhimurium (n = 1)] were included in this study. Multidrug resistance was seen in 5/134 (3.73%) isolates, all of which belonged to serotype S. Typhi. A better susceptibility profile was observed for first-line drugs (ampicillin, chloramphenicol, co-trimoxazole and tetracycline) and cephalosporins (cefotaxime, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefixime and cefepime). However, 131 (97.76%) of the 134 isolates were resistant to nalidixic acid and one (0.75%) was resistant to ciprofloxacin. TEM-1-type β-lactamase (blaTEM-1) was detected in six (4.47%) of the 134 isolates, which belonged to the serotype S. Typhi. All six TEM-positive isolates were negative for the blaSHV gene and none of the isolates was positive for the blaCTX-M gene. The presence of the blaTEM gene encoding TEM-1 β-lactamase is believed to confer resistance only to penicillins and early cephalosporins; however, the resistance spectrum of TEM-1 descendants may extend to second-, third- and fourth-generation cephalosporins. The ESBLs derived from TEM-1 differ from their progenitors by as few as 1 aa, and have the ability to hydrolyse third-generation cephalosporins. Therefore, appropriate selection and rotation of antibiotics as well as continuous monitoring of antibiotic susceptibility profiles could help to control the emergence and spread of resistant strains.
omnix 100 mg
A total of 63 S. pneumoniae isolates were recovered, 42 in Group A and 21 in Group B. Resistance to penicillin (MIC > or = 0.1 microg/ml) was found in 38% of strains in Group A (32% in A1 and 50% in A2), but in Group B the rate of resistance reached 90% (P = 0.0002). Erythromycin resistance was also increased from 35% (Group A2) to 62% (Group B), and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole resistance rose from 64% to 81%.