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University of Belgrade, Medical School, Clinic of Gynaecology and Obstetrics "Narodni front" Belgrade, Serbia.
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Acute diverticulitis is the most common presentation of diverticular disease; however, no published guidelines for management are available in the United Kingdom. This survey was designed to assess the current United Kingdom regional practice compared with the guidelines published by The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons.
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The occurrence of amebic colitis in this United States-Mexico border city hospital population was low, but in some cases potentially life-threatening. Physicians should be alert to the less common presentations of amebic colitis, such as overt gastrointestinal bleeding, exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease, and the incidental finding of association with colon cancer, or a surgical abdomen. Rectosigmoid involvement was typically found on colonoscopy.
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An outbreak of amebiasis caused by Entamoeba histolytica occurred at an institution for mentally retarded persons in Hyogo Prefecture. Twelve out of a total of 49 admitted persons exhibited E. histolytica cysts in their stool, and 13 including persons in whom no cysts had been detected showed positive serological reactions for E. histolytica infection. However, neither the cyst nor the antibody against the organism was detected in the staff members of the institution. Indirect fluorescence antibody test and sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with a monoclonal antibody specific for pathogenic strains of E. histolytica revealed that all trophozoite strains grown from cysts in stool samples from five patients were pathogenic. Epidemiological analysis strongly suggested that a patient in the institution had been infected with an organism from a patient outside the institution, and that infection may have spread among the admitted persons due to abnormal behavior. Administration of metronidazole resulted in effective elimination of the cysts from the stool of the cyst-carriers.
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Duration of cytotoxin production by C. difficile ribotype 027 markedly exceeds that of ribotype 001. Sub-optimal gut concentrations of metronidazole, possibly due to inactivation by components of normal gut flora, are associated with continued toxin production. These findings may help to explain the increased severity of symptoms and higher case-fatality ratio associated with infections due to C. difficile ribotype 027.
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In whom a first treatment with omeprazole-clarithromycin-amoxicillin and a second with omeprazole-bismuth-tetracycline-metronidazole (or ranitidine bismuth citrate with these antibiotics) had failed.
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This 7-week, prospective, crossover, controlled, second- and third-line trial was conducted at the Department of Gastroenterology, Ferencváros Health Center (Budapest, Hungary). Patients aged 18 to 80 years with duodenal ulcers and an H pylori infection resistant to first-line triple therapy (pantoprazole 40 mg BID + amoxicillin 1000 mg BID + clarithromycin 500 mg BID [PAC] given as tablets) received a different triple therapy regimen (ranitidine bismuth citrate 400 mg BID + metronidazole 500 mg BID + clarithromycin 500 mg BID [RBC-MC]) for 7 days (group 1A), and nonresponders after RBC + 2 antimicrobials received the pantoprazole-based regimen (group 1B). After secondary failure, patients were randomized to receive quadruple therapies: pantoprazole, amoxicillin, tetracycline, and either nitrofurantoin or bismuth subsalicylate (groups 2A and 2B).
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Seven male outpatients, non-smokers, non-alcoholics, aged 25-40 years (mean 32 years), suffering from gastritis with involvement of H. pylori.
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This case history describes the course of disease in a 17-year-old boy with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type III and early-onset periodontitis. Flow cytometric tests showed a reduced cell count in the specific immune system. Immunoglobulin concentrations in saliva and serum were within normal limits. Infection with T-lymphotropic viruses was excluded. The phagocytic capacity of the peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes was unimpaired. The anaerobic infection present in the early-onset periodontitis was treated with systemic antibiotic therapy and closed curettage. Following 14 days of this treatment, signs of acute inflammation subsided, and 18 months after therapy ended, a slight gain in clinical attachment was found, and bone growth was visible via radiology. However, a continuing lack of adequate oral hygiene represents a risk to the success of therapy in the long term.