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A small prospective trial was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a single antibiotic regimen, Augmentin, compared with a combination regimen of cefuroxime and metronidazole in the treatment of serious post-operative sepsis. Both regimens used were effective against Bacteroides and other anaerobes, with a similar satisfactory cure rate and no serious side effects. Intravenous Augmentin was easy to use and the change to oral therapy was significantly quicker than in the cefuroxime-metronidazole treatment arm. No significant resistance or serious adverse reaction was noted. The majority of patients had more than one site of infection, making selective antibiotic treatment difficult.
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A randomized clinical trial, comparing the efficacy of two oral antibiotics, cefuroxime and co-amoxiclav in the treatment of acute sinusitis, was conducted in 2007. A total of 99 patients were enrolled in the study. The clinical diagnosis of acute sinusitis was based on association of suborbital pain, purulent rhinorrhea and purulent discharge on the middle nasal meatus. All patients were also radiographically examined and their diagnoses were confirmed. Patients were randomly assigned to either receive 10 days of treatment with cefuroxime 250 mg twice daily (n=57) or receive co-amoxiclav 500/125 mg three times daily (n=42). Patients responses to treatment were assessed during and at the end of the treatment.
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Restriction of antibiotic prescription proved to be effective in reducing outpatient antibiotic consumption. The effect was prolonged and affected restricted antibiotics as well as non-restricted drugs.
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We studied the clonal relatedness, in terms of phylogenetic group, virulence factors and co-amoxiclav resistance, of different Escherichia coli isolates obtained from blood and urine of a patient who had taken a 45 day course of co-amoxiclav.
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Sixty children with ages between 4 and 14 years underwent tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy. The patients were randomly divided into three groups and each group consisted of 20 patients. Group 1 was treated with antibiotic (amoxicillin-clavulanic acid) plus analgesic (acetaminophen), group 2 was treated with fusafungine plus analgesic (acetaminophen) and group 3 was treated with only fusafungine. The average ages were 7.8 + 3.4, 6.6 + 2.9, and 8.2 + 3.7 for groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Clinical evaluations were made after the operation on the 1st (T1), 3rd (T3), 7th (T7), 10th (T10), and 14th days (T14).
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The objective of this study was to retrospectively evaluate and report the associated factors with the diagnosis and management of 24 patients with chronic osteomyelitis of the mandible seen at the authors' institution during the past several years.
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The objective of this report was to document the pattern of initial antibiotic prescribing in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a hospital setting. All episodes of acute exacerbation of COPD, as diagnosed by the admitting doctor, in one hospital in the period January to May 1996, were identified. Case notes were reviewed retrospectively. Cases of radiographic pneumonia, bronchiectasis and incorrectly coded admissions were excluded. Symptoms, microbial cultures and initial antibiotic therapies were recorded. One hundred and fifty-nine patient episodes were identified; 40 were excluded yielding a sample of 119. Nineteen case notes were unavailable leaving a sample of 100 (84%) episodes. Eighty were treated with antibiotics on admission; amoxycillin was the most frequently prescribed, in 46 (58%) episodes. Of the antibiotic treated group, 42 (53%) patients were given dual therapy, most commonly a macrolide antibiotic with either amoxycillin or a cephalosporin. Intravenous treatment was used in 22 (28%) cases. The duration of intravenous treatment was >48 h in 12 (15%) cases. A total of 76 sputum samples were analysed from 55 patient episodes: 34 (45%) were culture positive. In 15 (27%) patient episodes, antibiotic therapy was changed or instituted on the basis of culture results. These data suggest that antibiotic treatment is not optimal, with overuse of antibiotics, especially intravenous and dual therapy.