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Resistance rates to clarithromycin and metronidazole were 17.2% and 33.3%, respectively, but there was no resistance to tetracycline and amoxicillin. The eradication was successful in 32 of the 36 patients (88.9%) who received the appropriate therapy, but none of 4 patients who received an inappropriate therapy (P<0.01).
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We assessed prevalence of and risk factors for candidaemia following Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) using longitudinal population-based surveillance. Of 13 615 adults with CDI, 113 (0·8%) developed candidaemia in the 120 days following CDI. In a matched case-control analysis, severe CDI and CDI treatment with vancomycin + metronidazole were associated with development of candidaemia following CDI.
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Thirty two patients (mean age 13.1 ± 3.9, mean duration of disease 0.65 years) were included, of whom 21 (66%) entered clinical remission (PCDAI<10) after 8 weeks of treatment. The mean age at treatment and duration of disease did not differ between patients entering remission and those unresponsive to therapy. CRP, normalized in 54% of patients with elevated CRP at baseline. Factors associated with lack of response were a more severe disease (reflected by higher PCDAI and CRP values at baseline), presence of arthritis and extensive disease (ileocolonic, or prominent upper intestinal disease).
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This study was conducted to evaluate clinical and radiographic success of endodontic treatment of infected primary teeth using two combinations of antibacterial drugs consisting of ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, and minocycline in one group and ciprofloxacin, ornidazole, and minocycline in the other group.
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The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of metronidazole in conjunction with penicillin in preventing the recurrence of peritonsillar abscess (PTA) and to learn whether metronidazole enhances the recovery from PTA when compared with penicillin alone.
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Lophomonas blattarum, a rare protozoa, was involved in pulmonary infections of transplant recipients. We report 2 cases of late onset pulmonary L. blattarum infection in renal transplant recipients with normal graft function and relative normal immune function. The diagnosis in both cases was confirmed by bronchoscopy and broncho alveolar lavage (BAL) fluid examination. Both cases were sensitive to metronidazole treatment, but one case did not completely recover during the follow-up. The diagnosis and treatment were discussed to facilitate improvement in the recognition of this rare infection, especially in transplant recipients.
Treatment of severe Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) poses a clinical challenge. Emerging evidence supports the use of faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT). An 81-year-old man was admitted with a third recurrent episode of CDI within two months. Because of clinical deterioration with development of pancolitis in spite of two weeks of metronidazole and vanco-mycin treatment, FMT was performed using a duodenal tube. The patient recovered completely without further relapse during follow-up. FMT was shown to be an efficient adjuvant treatment of complicated CDI.
The emergence of antimicrobial resistance among Campylobacter isolates recovered from turkeys has increased dramatically. Monitoring the progress of this resistance becomes a growing public health issue. The aim of the present study was to provide information of the current status of antibiotic resistance patterns in Campylobacter jejuni from turkeys. Seventy-six C. jejuni isolates were recovered from 67 epidemiologically unrelated meat turkey flocks in different regions of Germany in 2010 and 2011. The isolates were typed by flaA genotyping and were investigated for antimicrobial susceptibility against 12 antibiotics by using a broth microdilution test as well as testing the genetic determination of ciprofloxacin, tetracycline, and erythromycin resistance. All isolates (n = 76) were sensitive to gentamicin and chloramphenicol. The numbers of isolates that were sensitive to streptomycin, erythromycin, neomycin, and amoxicillin were 69 (90.8%), 61 (80.2%), 58 (76.4%), and 44 (57.9%), respectively. Only one isolate was sensitive to all tested antibiotics. The emergence of a high resistance rate and multidrug resistance to three or more classes of antimicrobial agents were observed. The resistance against sulphamethoxazole/trimethoprim, metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, naladixic acid, and tetracycline was 58 (76.3%), 58 (76.3%), 53 (69.7%), 51 (67.1%), and 42 (55.3%), respectively. None of the isolates was resistant to all antibiotics. Multidrug resistance to three or more classes of antimicrobial agents was found and ranged from 3.9% to 40.8%. Replacement of the Thr-86-->Ile in gyrA gene and detection of the tet(O) gene were the main resistance mechanisms for fluoroquinolones and tetracycline, respectively, while the lack of mutation in position 2074 and 2075 on the 23S rRNA gene was responsible for macrolide resistance. The phenotypic and genotypic resistance profiles were compatible in the case of ciprofloxacin and tetracycline but were not completely congruent with respect to erythromycin.