We are describing a case of undesired side effect of the cure (toxic hepatocellular damage) by Augmentin. The main symptoms were jaundice and pruritus. This is the next documented case of the hepatocellular damage by Augmentin in Poland. In the conclusion, we draw the attention to the role of interview in the diagnosis of the illness described and therapeutic management.
The role of antibiotic therapy in managing acute bacterial sinusitis (ABS) in children is controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of high-dose amoxicillin/potassium clavulanate in the treatment of children diagnosed with ABS.
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Fifty patients who underwent tonsillectomy and were randomly divided into three groups were analyzed in this study. Groups I and II received medical and speech therapy including two different phonemes group, and Group III received only medical therapy. For Group I (20 patients) soft palate phonemes and for Group II (20 patients) lips and gingival phonemes were used. The patients who received medical treatment without speech therapy were used as the control group. Postoperative pain levels were recorded with our standard visual analog scale (VAS) forms for each patient during the postoperative 10 days. The pain score of the patients were compared statistically among the three different groups.
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Bacteria in the tooth root canal may cause apical periodontitis. This study examined the bacterial species present in the apical root canal of teeth with apical periodontitis. Antibiotic sensitivity tests were performed to evaluate whether these identified bacterial species were susceptible to specific kinds of antibiotics.
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Recent mastoidectomy may be a risk factor for the development of a post-auricular abscess in children, who develop AOM following cochlear implantation. A treatment algorithm was developed, which emphasizes early operative drainage in conjunction with aggressive antibiotic therapy. Conclusions A consistent approach to the management of mastoiditis in children with cochlear implants has not been established. Rapid initiation of aggressive antibiotic therapy and a low threshold for conservative operative intervention results in effective resolution of infection while allowing preservation of the implant.
The chronic diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis (CDSO) of the mandible has been described as an inflammatory disease characterized by recurrent episodes of intense pain in the mandible, often accompanied by trismus, paresthesia and progressive mandibular deformity. The etiopathogeny of this entity is not fully known. The differential diagnosis must be carried out very carefully, and the treatment results are very disappointing. Recently, evidence that suggests that CDSO may be the mandibular location of a more diffuse condition, the synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome, has been offered. We describe two clinical cases of CDSO of typical evolution which fulfill the criteria for SAPHO syndrome, offering us an occasion for a review of the current literature.
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This case of RSH in an elderly patient receiving long-term stable warfarin anticoagulation is probably associated with amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium use and paroxysmal coughing.
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The development of our understanding of the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) principles that determine antimicrobial efficacy has advanced substantially over the last 10 years. We are now in a position to use PK/PD principles to set targets for antimicrobial design and optimisation so that we can predict eradication of specific pathogens or resistant variants when agents are used clinically. Optimisation of PK/PD parameters to enable the treatment of resistant pathogens with oral agents may not be possible with many current agents, such as some cephalosporins, macrolides and fluoroquinolones. Aminopenicillins, however, such as amoxicillin, have linear PK and have a good safety profile even at high doses. The new pharmacokinetically enhanced oral formulation of amoxicillin/clavulanate, 2000/125 mg twice daily, was designed using PK/PD principles to be able to eradicate Streptococcus pneumoniae with amoxicillin MICs of up to and including 4 mg/L, which includes most penicillin-resistant isolates. For amoxicillin and amoxicillin/clavulanate, a time above MIC (T > MIC) of 35-40% of the dosing interval (based on blood levels) is predictive of high bacteriological efficacy. This target was met by the design of a unique bilayer tablet incorporating 437.5 mg of sustained-release sodium amoxicillin in one layer plus 562.5 mg of immediate-release amoxicillin trihydrate and 62.5 mg of clavulanate potassium in the second layer, with two tablets administered for each dose. This unique design extends the bacterial killing time by increasing the T > MIC to 49% of the dosing interval against pathogens with MICs of 4 mg/L, and 60% of the dosing interval against pathogens with MICs of 2 mg/L. Based on these results, this new amoxicillin/clavulanate formulation should be highly effective in treating respiratory tract infections due to drug-resistant S. pneumoniae as well as beta-lactamase-producing pathogens, such as Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis.