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This retrospective study included 879 cases of TRUS-guided prostate biopsy. All patients received antibiotic prophylaxis with levofloxacin or cefixime orally before biopsy and continually for 7 days after. A total of 456 patients received bisacodyl rectal preparation the night before or on the morning of the biopsy, and 423 did not. Major complications were defined as serious side effects requiring additional treatment. Infectious complications were classified as sepsis, fever (greater than 38 degrees C) without sepsis, and other clinical infection. We evaluated whether rectal preparation before biopsy could decrease infectious complications. Other potential risk factors were also investigated.
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We randomly assigned patients with H pylori infection to groups that were given 5 days of concomitant therapy (esomeprazole 40 mg twice daily, amoxicillin 1 g twice daily, levofloxacin 500 mg twice daily, and tinidazole 500 mg twice daily; n = 90) or 10 days of sequential therapy (esomeprazole 40 mg twice daily, amoxicillin 1g twice daily for 5 days followed by esomeprazole 40 mg twice daily, levofloxacin 500 mg twice daily, and tinidazole 500 mg twice daily for 5 more days; n = 90). Antimicrobial resistance was assessed by the E-test. Efficacy, adverse events, and costs were determined.
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The finding of two cases of levofloxacin-induced tendinopathy in our patients suggests that the problem may be more frequent than previously considered. Patients with COPD treated with fluoroquinolones may have other risk factors for tendinopathy such as advanced age, corticosteroid use and renal impairment and merit vigilance for signs of tendonitis.
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Medical and pharmacy claims in the nationally representative SDI database were used to identify adults with a new outpatient diagnosis of CAP receiving a study antibiotic (levofloxacin, amoxicillin/clavulanate, azithromycin, moxifloxacin) between September 1, 2005 and March 31, 2008. Treatment failure was defined as ≥1 of the following events ≤30 days after index date: a refill for the index antibiotic after completed days of therapy, a different antibiotic dispensed >1 day after the index prescription, or hospitalization with a pneumonia diagnosis or emergency department visit >3 days postindex. Cohorts were propensity score matched for demographic and clinical characteristics. Treatment failure rates were compared between pairs of cohorts for the full sample and for high-risk patients (age ≥65 and/or on Medicaid).
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Helicobacter pylori infection is involved in several gastroduodenal diseases which can be cured by antimicrobial treatment. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of H. pylori infection and its bacterial resistance to clarithromycin, fluoroquinolones, and tetracycline in Brazzaville, Congo, by using molecular methods.
In this study antibiotic combinations for multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains were investigated. The study included a colistin-susceptible and a colistin-resistant KPC-2 producing K. pneumoniae ST258 strains isolated in 2008 and 2009 during an outbreak in Hungary. Antibiotic combinations were analyzed by checkerboard technique and fractional inhibitory concentration indices were calculated. The following antibiotics were tested: ceftazidime, cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, ampicillin, imipenem, ertapenem, amikacin, tobramycin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, rifampicin, polymyxin B and colistin. Combinations including 0.25 μg/ml colistin plus 1 μg/ml rifampicin, 0.25 μg/ml polymyxin B plus 1 μg/ml rifampicin, 1 μg/ml imipenem plus 2 μg/ml tobramycin, were found synergistic.These in vitro synergistic combinations suggest potential therapeutical options against infections caused by KPC-2 producing, multidrug-resistant K. pneumoniae ST258.