Samples from consecutive ninety patients were obtained for culture and sensitivity testing. Resistance to individual antibiotics were tested using the E-test and MIC(90) read from the strips. Resistance to rifampicin and nitrofurantoin were used as a surrogate for rifabutin and furazolidine.
A total of 98 H. pylori strains were isolated, all of which were susceptible to amoxicillin and tetracycline. Of these strains, 36.7% (36/98) were resistant to clarithromycin, 35.5% (34/98) were resistant to metronidazole, and 29.5% (29/98) were resistant to levofloxacin. Multiple resistance was detected in 19.3% of the isolates. The A2143G and A2144G point mutations in the 23S rRNA-encoding gene were found in all 36 (100%) of the clarithromycin-resistant strains. Additionally, the levofloxacin MIC values increased to 32 mg/L in our H. pylori strains. Finally, among the clarithromycin-resistant strains, 27.2% were resistant to levofloxacin, and 45.4% were resistant to metronidazole.
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NTM infections are infrequent in allo-HSCT recipients and have a good clinical prognosis if correctly treated.
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The variety of antibacterials available in outpatient pharmacy decreased from 38 to 16. The proportion of antibacterial prescriptions significantly decreased (12.7% versus 9.9%, P < 0.01). The proportion of prescriptions containing the restricted antibacterials was 30.4% in the second phase, significantly lower than the value of 44.7% in the first phase (P < 0.01). The overall proportion of oral versus all antibacterial prescriptions increased (94.0% to 100%, P < 0.01) when measured as defined daily doses. Statistically significant increases in relative percentage of DDDs of oral antibacterials (i.e., DDDs of individual oral antibacterial divided by the sum of DDDs of all antibacterials) were observed with moxifloxacin, levofloxacin, cefuroxime axetil, ornidazole, clindamycin palmitate, cefaclor, amoxicillin and clarithromycin. Occurrence rate of DRPs decreased from 13.6% to 4.0% (P < 0.01), with a larger decrease seen in surgical clinics (surgical: 19.5% versus 5.6%; internal medicine: 8.4% versus 2.8%, P < 0.01). The total expenditure on antibacterials for outpatients decreased by 34.7% and the intervention program saved about 6 million Chinese Yuan Renminbi (CNY) annually.
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To investigate the incidence, pathogens, and clinical features of infection in consecutive cases from 2010 to 2012 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital.
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The first reported U.S. case of ventilator-associated pneumonia evidently caused by Shewanella putrefaciens is described.
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In the Kalgoorlie Otitis Media Research Project nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from children up to seven times between the age of 1 week and 2 years. A total of 261 M. catarrhalis strains from 50 Aboriginal and 50 non-Aboriginal children were tested against 14 antibiotics using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) agar dilution method.
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Thirty patients received levofloxacin, 500 mg/d po for 7 days. Samples of venous blood and sputum for the determination of levofloxacin concentrations were collected on day 1 immediately prior to dosing, and then at 1, 4, 8, 12, and 24 h.
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A rise of resistance in uropathogens to all agents used for the management of urinary tract infections has been observed in Moscow. However, because of the broad spectrum and favourable safety parameters, fluoroquinolones remain the drugs of choice for the treatment of community-acquired urinary tract infections. Among them levofloxacin is preferable. When the use of fluoroquinolones is contraindicated, the 1st-3rd generation cephalosporins are advisable. Nitrofurans are expedient in the treatment of acute and relapsing cystitis. By the antibacterial activity and bioavailability sodium furasidin is advantages among the nitrofurans.
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Twelve volunteers received a single oral dose of 1,000 mg extended-release (XR) ciprofloxacin versus 500 mg levofloxacin to assess urinary bactericidal titers (UBTs) against common uropathogens. Areas under UBT-time curves were significantly larger for Proteus mirabilis with XR ciprofloxacin and for staphylococci with levofloxacin.