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This is a prospective case control study, purposive randomized sampling, three patients were excluded since their information was incomplete, 132 patients were randomly divided into groups, one group named control group (penicillin according to the guidelines of WHO 2013), 33 patients; second group treated by β-lactam inhibitors (Augmentin IV) 50 patients; and third group treated by 3(rd) generation cephalosporin (ceftriaxone) 49 patients. The study was conducted at the main tertiary care and paediatrics teaching hospital in Khartoum capital of Sudan. The study was completed within the duration from 2010 to 2011.
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To determine the efficacy of coamoxiclav in children aged 6 months to 12 years with recurrent acute otitis media.
imadrax novum 500 mg
Six multicenter clinical trials comparing cefprozil with cefaclor, amoxicillin-clavulanate or erythromycin in the management of skin and soft-tissue infections caused by susceptible bacteria demonstrate that cefprozil, given once or twice daily, is an effective chemotherapeutic agent in this context. Its pharmacokinetic behavior is compatible with once-daily or twice-daily administration, with a probability of improved patient compliance. Safety and tolerability compare favorably with other agents used in skin and soft-tissue infections.
imadrax amoxicillin 1000 mg
A retrospective chart review included eight patients, who experienced mastoiditis, in the context of cochlear implantation at our center from August 2005 to November 2012. During this period 806 implant surgeries were completed.
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Single-dose regimens are more economical, easier to administer, and carry a lower risk of inducing bacterial resistance. Amoxicillin/clavulanate is more expensive than cefazolin. For aseptic maxillofacial surgery that does not involve implantation of foreign material, we recommend preoperative single-dose antibiotic prophylaxis with cefazolin 2 g i.v. (in adult patients).
imadrax 1000 mg
On the basis of the information gained from the literature the amoxicillin/clavulanic acid combination has attained the leading position in dentistry and outpatient oral surgery practices as regards the order of application of antibiotics. The explanation for this may be that in 60-70% of the cases of odontogenic inflammation, besides the pathogenic anaerobic bacteria there is an increasing necessity to eliminate beta-lactamase-producing bacteria as well. The authors applied the amoxicillin/clavulanic acid combination (Aktil Duo 625 mg) to support the--primarily surgical--treatment of 14 oral and dental surgery conditions on a total of 60 patients. After analysing the results and side effects they came to the conclusion that the application of the mentioned combination was very successful in dentistry and outpatient oral surgery practices.
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Sixty-one children with mild asthma and allergic rhinitis participated in the study. Forty-one of these 61 children had sinusitis, and the remainder had no sinusitis. Ten matched, nonatopic, healthy children were used as a control group.
imadrax 750 mg
A multinational, multicentre, randomized, prospective, parallel-group study compared treatment with ciprofloxacin administered as an oral suspension (500 mg twice daily for 7 days) with co-amoxiclav tablets (625 mg three times daily for 7 days) in patients suffering from acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECB). A total of 147 of 165 cases treated with ciprofloxacin (89.1%) and 146 of 162 cases treated with co-amoxiclav (90.1%) were classified as being clinical successes at the primary efficacy assessment 7 days after the end of therapy (assessed as reduced cough, improvement in dyspnoea, reduction in 24-h sputum volume or reduced purulence of sputum). Treatment equivalence was statistically confirmed; treatment difference:--1.0%, 95% CI--6.6% and 4.5%. Before treatment, 128 bacterial strains were isolated from 103 patients (60 ciprofloxacin and 68 co-amoxiclav). The most commonly isolated organism was Haemophilus influenzae (60 isolates), followed by Moraxella catarrhalis (12 isolates), Streptococcus pneumoniae (11 isolates) and Staphylococcus aureus (10 isolates). At day 14, 40 of 46 ciprofloxacin-treated patients (87.0%) and 46 of 55 co-amoxiclav-treated patients (83.6%) who were valid for bacteriological analysis were classified as being bacteriological success (classed as eradication, eradication with colonization or presumed eradication; treatment difference: 3.3%, 95% CI--8.3% and 14.9%). The adverse event profile was comparable between treatment groups. Most adverse events considered possibly or probably related to study drug were related to the gastrointestinal system and were of mild or moderate severity: nausea (13% ciprofloxacin, 10.6% co-amoxiclav), flatulence (10.3% ciprofloxacin, 3.9% co-amoxiclav), abdominal pain (7.6% ciprofloxacin, 7.3% co-amoxiclav) and diarrhoea (4.3% ciprofloxacin, 6.7% co-amoxiclav). We concluded that a 7-day course of ciprofloxacin suspension is equivalent to a 7-day course of co-amoxiclav tablets in terms of clinical and bacteriological efficacy and tolerability for the treatment of AECB. Thus, ciprofloxacin suspension may offer a suitable alternative treatment for AECB patients who have difficulty in swallowing, or who prefer liquid medications to tablets.
A hundred and eighteen patients were treated orally with 3 week combination ofloxacin (200 mg b.i.d.) + coamoxiclav (1 g b.i.d.) (n = 60) or with a 6 week coamoxiclav (1 g b.i.d.) + doxycycline (100 mg b.i.d.) (n = 58).