hifen 100 dry syrup uses
The antimicrobial activity of cefpodoxime, the active metabolite of the new cephalosporin ester cefpodoxime proxetil, in comparison to cefixime, cefotiam, cefuroxime, and cefotaxime was determined against a broad spectrum of freshly isolated gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial strains. Cefpodoxime was demonstrated to be inhibitory at concentrations of less than or equal to 1 mg/l against 90% of strains of Moraxella catarrhalis, Haemophilus influenzae, Escherichia coli (beta-lactamase- negative strains), Klebsiella spp., Serratia spp., Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Providencia spp., and Salmonella spp. This antimicrobial activity of cefpodoxime was generally superior to that of cefuroxime and similar to that of cefixime. Cefpodoxime was active at less than or equal to 1 mg/l against 50% of the members of beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Citrobacter spp., and Morganella morganii. Cefpodoxime proved to be highly inhibitory against group A, B, and G streptococci and Streptococcus pneumoniae (MIC90 less than 0.015 mg/l). The MICs of cefpodoxime and those of the other cephalosporins were less than 2 mg/l for greater than or equal to 90% of the strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, with the exception of cefixime which had no activity with MICs below 8 mg/l against these bacteria. Pseudomonas spp., Acinetobacter spp., and Enterococcus spp. were resistant to cefpodoxime. The antibacterial activity of cefpodoxime was only to a minor degree influenced by different growth conditions with the exception of high inoculum sizes against some beta-lactamase producing strains of gram-negative bacilli.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Bacteriuria (symptomatic and asymptomatic) is the most common infectious complication after kidney transplantation. This study aimed to determine its prevalence among kidney transplant recipients hospitalized after transplantation, respective risk factors, and frequency of isolates and antibacterial susceptibility.
hifen 100 tablet
The in vitro activity of OPC-17116, a new fluoroquinolone, was compared with those of ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin and cefixime. A total of 5,231 fresh clinical isolates from five geographically separate US medical centers were tested. The primary results of this study are: 1. OPC-17116 is very active against Enterobacteriaceae [MIC90s, 0.015-1 microgram/ml, except Providencia rettgeri (MIC90, > 8 micrograms/ml)], 2. among nonenteric Gram-negative bacilli (e.g. Xanthomonas maltophilia, MIC90, 2 micrograms/ml) and Gram-positive cocci (e.g. oxacillin-susceptible staphylococci, MIC90s, 0.12-0.5 microgram/ml) OPC-17116 demonstrated higher activity than ciprofloxacin or ofloxacin, 3. the quinolones were more active than cefixime against most of the species tested, especially against Gram-positive and non-enteric Gram-negative organisms. The results of this study, associated with prior documented favorable qualities, support continued investigation of OPC-17116 for clinical use.
hifen az 250 mg
Neisseria gonorrhoeae has progressively developed resistance to sulfonamides, penicillin, tetracycline and fluoroquinolones, and gonococcal susceptibility to cephalosporins has been declining worldwide.
hifen 200 tab
To assess the efficacy of 200 mg cefixime in the treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhea.
hifen 50 dry syrup uses
A newly developed cephalosporin, cefixime (CFIX), was evaluated clinically in 35 pediatric patients. A pharmacokinetic study was also performed with 11 patients. CFIX was administered as granules. The pharmacokinetic study was conducted in 11 patients, each of 6 patients was given CFIX at a dose of 3 mg/kg and each of the remaining patients was given CFIX at 6 mg/kg. Serum concentrations of CFIX were measured at 2, 4, 6, 8 and 12 hours after dosing. Urinary concentrations of CFIX were measured for periods of 0-6 and 6-12 hours after dosing. CFIX was assayed by the disk method using E. coli ATCC 39188 as the test organism. The clinical evaluation was conducted in 35 children including 5 patients of acute tonsillitis, 10 of acute lacunar tonsillitis, 1 of purulent lymphadenitis, 1 of scarlet fever, 8 of acute bronchitis, 5 of pneumonia, 3 of urinary tract infections and 1 of paratyphoid B. One additional patient was included only in the evaluation of safety since he was suffering from Mycoplasma pneumonia. the patients were from 4 months to 8 years 2 months old and 11 of them were inpatients. Daily doses were from 6.0 to 13.5 mg/kg. After CFIX administration in doses of 3 mg/kg and 6 mg/kg, peak serum concentrations were 1.75 and 3.36 micrograms/ml, half-lives were 2.65 and 2.86 hours and urinary excretions rates up to 12 hours after dosing were 16.1 and 12.4%, respectively. Serum concentrations were dose dependent and the half-life was fairly long compared with other known oral cephalosporins. Clinical efficacies of CFIX in 34 patients were "excellent" in 25 children, "good" in 8 and "poor" in 1 with effectiveness rate of 97.1%. Twenty-two strains of causative organisms, including 6 strains of S. aureus, 3 of S. pyogenes, 2 of S. pneumoniae, 3 of E. coli, 5 of H. influenzae, 2 of H. parainfluenzae and 1 of S. paratyphi B, were isolated. After treatment all strains except 2 strains of S. aureus (one was unknown and the other was decreased), 1 strain of S. pneumoniae (unknown) and 1 strain of H. influenzae (unknown) were successfully eradicated but S. paratyphi B was proved again in feces 9 days after treatment. No adverse reaction was observed. Among 18 children who went through laboratory test, however, an elevation of eosinophile and elevations of GOT and GPT were observed in 2 children and 1 child, respectively.
hifen x syrup
Aerobic bacterial examination for sinusitis was conducted using specimens from maxillary sinuses collected by antral puncture in 540 patients--284 men and 256 women aged 6-89 years--between May 1999 and April 2000. We obtained 528 strains of bacteria. Our results were as follows: 1. We obtained 303 pathogens from 540 patients. In acute sinusitis, the most frequently found was Streptococcus pneumoniae (30.4%), followed by Hemophilus influenzae (27.7%). In chronic cases, the most frequently found was Streptococcus pneumoniae (16.0%), followed by Hemophilus influenzae (15.1%) and Staphylococcus epidermidis (12.6%). 2. We found an increase in bacteria resistant to multiple drugs, with 11.1% of the Staphylococcus aureus isolates methicillin-resistant in acute sinusitis and 40% methicillin-resistant in chronic sinusitis, and that 30.6% of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates were penicillin-resistant. 3. Ciclacillin was effective against 64.7% of all pathogens isolated in this study, cefpodoxime proxetil effective against 6.5%, and cefixime effective against 2.4%. 4. In considering pathogens, we therefore choose antibiotics and make a maxillary aspiration puncture.
hifen plus syrup
To compare, in a randomized controlled trial, the effectiveness of penicillin, cefixime and placebo on symptom resolution in patients presenting with a sore throat in general practice.
hifen tablet uses
Among 143 non-typeable H. influenzae, 42% produced beta-lactamase. By 2007 breakpoints (PK/PD:CLSI), percentage susceptibility for non-typeable H. influenzae was: ceftriaxone = cefixime = high-dose amoxicillin/clavulanate (all 100%:100%) > standard-dose amoxicillin/clavulanate (91.6%:100%) > cefuroxime axetil (88.1%:99.3%) > cefdinir (83.9%:100%) > trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (73.4%:73.4%) >high-dose amoxicillin (58%:58%) > standard-dose amoxicillin (55.2%:58%) > cefprozil (28.7%:83.2%) > cefaclor (3.5%:83.2%) > azithromycin (0%:87.4%). Of 208 S. pneumoniae (42 serotype 19A), 86 were penicillin-susceptible, 60 were penicillin-intermediate and 62 were penicillin-resistant by 2007 CLSI breakpoints. Percentage susceptibility for all S. pneumoniae/19A by PD breakpoints was: ceftriaxone (95.2%/86.1%) > high-dose amoxicillin (89.4%/58.3%) > clindamycin (85%/58.3%) > standard-dose amoxicillin (73.5%/33.3%) > cefuroxime axetil (69.2%/36.1%), cefprozil (67.3%/33.3%) > cefdinir (59.1%/33.3%) > cefixime (57.7%/33.3%) > azithromycin (56.7%/33.3%) > trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (50.5%/25%) > penicillin (41.3%/19.4%) > cefaclor (28.8%/8.3%). Percentage M. catarrhalis (n = 62) susceptibility by PK/PD breakpoints was: high-dose amoxicillin/clavulanate = cefixime (100%) > azithromycin (98.4%) > ceftriaxone (96.8%) > standard-dose amoxicillin/clavulanate (88.7%) > cefdinir (80.6%) > cefprozil = cefuroxime axetil (37.1%) > high-dose amoxicillin (11.2%) > cefaclor (6.5%) > standard-dose amoxicillin (4.8%).