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A randomised experiment was done involving eighty-four patients. The patients were divided into two groups consisting of 42 patients each. A preoperative group was given an oral bolus of 2g amoxycillin capsules and 1g metronidazole tablets one hour before extraction, while those in the postoperative group were given a five-day regimen oral 500mg amoxycillin capsules thrice daily and 400mg metronidazole tablets thrice daily. The occurrence of postoperative pain, swelling, trismus, SSI and AO were compared between the groups.
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The rationale and lessons learned through the evolution of the National Survey for the Susceptibility of Bacteroides fragilis Group from its initiation in 1981 through 2007 are reviewed here. The survey was conceived in 1980 to track emerging antimicrobial resistance in Bacteroides species.
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Randomised trials comparing antitrichomonas agents during pregnancy.
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All positive C. difficile stool toxin assays in adults between May 2010 and May 2011 at the University of Maryland Medical Center were identified. CDAD episodes were classified as guideline adherent or non-adherent and these two groups were compared to determine demographic and clinical factors predictive of adherence. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the effect of multiple predictors on guideline adherence.
The treatment of Helicobacter pylori (H.p.) infection is based on the recommendations of the Maastricht consensus conference 1996. The main indications for eradication of H.p. are peptic ulcer disease, gastritis with severe histological abnormalities, low grade gastric MALT lymphoma and a history of resection for gastric cancer. The results of recent studies demonstrate that the symptoms of non-ulcer dyspepsia are not improved by H.p. eradication. A family history of gastric cancer and an earlier operation for peptic ulcer are considered advisable indications for the treatment of H.p. infection. Triple therapies consisting of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) or ranitidine bismuth citrate plus 2 antibiotics are established as effective and well-tolerated first line regimens. The most important antibiotics are clarithromycin and amoxicillin. The efficacy of metronidazole is impaired by an increasing rate of resistant strains. Only few new antibiotics are currently tested in clinical trials. After the failure of a first anti-H.p. treatment it is advisable to change antibiotics according to the probability of resistance, to increase dosage and duration of treatment and to include bismuth compounds in the second line regimen. An alternative option after failed triple therapies may be a high dosage and prolonged dual regimen with a PPI and amoxicillin or quadruple therapy consisting of a PPI, bismuth subcitrate, tetracycline and metronidazole.
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Sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate has the effect of in vitro killing Demodex and is highly effective in the treatment of demodicidosis.
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Xylitol is a five-carbon sugar alcohol produced from natural resources frequently used as a sugar substitute for humans. We report the development and successful treatment of acute hepatic failure and coagulopathy in a dog after xylitol ingestion. A 9-year-old 4.95 kg (10.9 lb) neutered male Chihuahua was evaluated at a veterinary clinic for vomiting after ingesting 224 g (45 g/kg, 20.5 g/lb) of granulated xylitol. Hypoglycemia developed within 1-2 h, elevated liver values, suggesting the development of acute hepatic failure, within 12 h and coagulopathy less than 24 h after ingestion. Treatment included maropitant, intravenous dextrose, phytonadione, metronidazole, and fresh frozen plasma. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and S-adensoyl-L-methionine (SAMe) provided hepatic detoxification and support. The dog survived and liver values returned to normal within 1 month post ingestion. No adverse effects to hepatic function have been identified 2 years after acute xylitol toxicity. This paper is one of the few reports of successful management of a dog with hypoglycemia, hepatic failure, and coagulopathy caused by xylitol toxicity. To date, this is the highest published xylitol dose survived by a dog, as well as the only reported case that documents laboratory changes throughout the course of toxicity and includes normal hepatic indices for 7 months following xylitol toxicity. The rapidly expanding use of xylitol in a variety of products intended for human consumption has led to a rise in xylitol toxicity cases reported in dogs, and clinicians should be aware that more dogs may potentially be exposed and develop similar manifestations.