202 patients underwent endoscopic screening for enrolment in the trial, and 100 eligible patients were randomly assigned treatment. 92 patients completed the trial (47 in the naproxen group, 45 in the triple-therapy group). At 8 weeks, H pylori had been eradicated from no patients in the naproxen group and 40 (89%) in the triple-therapy group (p < 0.001). 12 (26%) naproxen-group patients developed ulcers: five had ulcer pain and one developed ulcer bleeding. Only three (7%) patients on triple therapy had ulcers, and two of these patients had failure of H pylori eradication (p = 0.01). Thus, 12 (26%) patients with persistent H pylori infection but only one (3%) with successful H pylori eradication developed ulcers with naproxen (p = 0.002).
Thirty adult Swiss strain mice were divided into six groups. Animals of Groups I and II served as untreated and vehicle-treated controls, while that of Groups III and IV were administered with MTZ (500 mg/kg BW/day) and TT (200 mg/kg BW/day) alone for 28 days, respectively. Low (100 mg/kg BW/day) and high (200 mg/kg BW/day) doses of TT along with MTZ (500 mg/kg BW/day) were administered for 28 days in the mice of Groups V and VI, respectively. Twenty four hours after the last treatment, all the animals were euthanized to study the histological changes in the testis and sperm count in the epididymis. Testicular functional markers, lipid peroxidation (LPO) and the activities of antioxidant enzymes, e.g., superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase, were also assessed in the mice of all the groups.
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The largest decrease in pathogens was found after 3 months, with the most pronounced differences between DOX and SRP (P <0.05). At 6 months, pathogens were still reduced markedly in all groups. Treatment results were consolidated for VEH and DOX, with a slight deterioration for SRP (DOX versus SRP: P <0.001). Resistance was observed to amoxycillin/clavulanic acid, cefoxitin, clindamycin, and metronidazole (four isolates) but not to doxycycline.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiographic success of endodontic treatment of infected primary teeth using combination of ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, and minocycline.
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Infection with H. pylori does not induce significant platelet activation in patients treated for coronary disease. Helicobacter pylori-infected patients, however, may have an increased risk of recurrence of coronary events.
Two hundred sixty-two patients were randomly allotted to receive senna (1 package diluted in a glass of water) and 261 to receive polyethylene glycol (2 packages diluted in 2-3 L of water), administered the evening before surgery. All patients received 5% povidone iodine antiseptic enemas (2 L) the evening and the morning before surgery. Ceftriaxone sodium and metronidazole were given intravenously at anesthetic induction.
In group A, three wound infections and an intraperitoneal abscess were identified, while in group B only one wound infection was seen. Average cost for patients in group A was 2,108.91 pesos (approx. 200 US dollars). In group B, the average cost was 9,407.48 pesos (approx. 900 US dollars).
The patients were randomized to one of four triple regimens containing ranitidine bismuth and metronidazole, and either oxytetracycline or spiramycine. Eradication was assessed with the 14C-urea breath test. GI symptoms were evaluated using the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) and the Ulcer Esophagitis Subjective Symptoms Scale (UESS) questionnaires.
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One hundred forty-five children (67 girls/78 boys, median age 9.7 years) fulfilled the inclusion criteria, 118 being infected with a strain susceptible to both clarithromycin and metronidazole, 10 with a clarithromycin resistant, and 17 with a metronidazole resistant strain. A sequential regimen was prescribed in 44, a triple therapy containing clarithromycin in 84 and containing metronidazole in 17. Follow-up data were available for 130/145 and clearance of the infection observed in 105 of them. A concordance of more than 90% between the prescribed and the ingested drugs was observed in 109 children, between 50 and 90% in eight, less than 50% in 11 while these data were unknown for 2/130. A successful eradication was achieved for 89.9% of patients that received at least 90% of the prescribed drugs, whereas the eradication rate for nonadherent patients was 36.6%. Adherence above 90% was significantly higher in the absence of chronic concomitant disease, in the absence of adverse event and results in a significantly higher eradication rate. With the proposed strategy and an adherence higher than 90%, eradication was obtained in 98/109 children, the rate being only significantly superior to 90% with the sequential regimen.