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A patient already rehabilitated with a prosthesis supported by two implants at positions 3.4 and 3.6 presented with severe peri-implantitis affecting both implants. Initial probing depths were 11 and 9 mm respectively. Implant at position 3.4 showed a bone-implant gap ≥3 mm all around it, but was kept firmly in place by the prosthesis, still supported by the other implant. The patient refused to have her prosthesis removed. In an attempt to save it anyway, after debridement, sandblasting and decontamination of both implant surfaces an enzyme-deantigenic collagenic bone substitute was grafted. Controls followed at 1, 3, 5 and 12 months after surgery.
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Three hundred and twenty women undergoing cesarean section were randomized into two groups in a prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. One hundred and sixty women were allocated to receive a single-dose of 1.2 g Augmentin at induction of anesthesia and 160 were allocated to a control group who received placebo. The following post-cesarean outcome parameters were compared between the two groups: duration of hospital stay, febrile morbidity, urine microscopy, bacteriuria, endometritis, and wound infection.
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8 cases of AIE and 27 IE cases after various invasive interventions (nosocomial endocarditis).
Decreased susceptibility of pathogens to currently used agents for recurrent otitis media has provided the impetus for identifying new antimicrobial options.
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Nocardia farcinica infections are rare and potentially life threatening. Herein, we describe a case of pulmonary nocardiosis caused by N. farcinica. This 13-year-old girl admitted with 1-year history of cough, intermittent fever, and recurrent hemoptysis. She was examined for multiple pulmonary nodules mimicking pulmonary metastasis that were detected with chest radiography and computed tomography of the thorax. Eventually, N. farcinica was yielded in culture of sputum and aspiration material of pulmonary nodules. No predisposing factor could be shown for Nocardia infection. Although infections caused by N. farcinica have tendency to disseminate, and are mostly resistant to antibiotics, the patient was successfully treated with prolonged intravenous antibiotic therapy followed with oral amoxicillin-clavulanate.
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Neither topical application nor systemic administration is significantly superior to the other for postoperative management of pain.
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In the last decade, the Streptococcus pneumoniae population has changed, mainly due to the abuse of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to determine the genetic structure of 144 S. pneumonia serotype 14 isolates collected from children with acute respiratory infections during 1997-2012 in China.
Children attending day care centers (DCCs) frequently carry antibacterial-resistant organisms in their nasopharynx, leading to acute otitis media (AOM) that may be refractory to antibacterial treatment. The development and spread of resistant organisms are facilitated in DCCs as a result of the following: (i) large numbers of children; (ii) frequent close person-to-person contact; and (iii) a wide use of antimicrobial medications. Intensive antimicrobial usage provides the selection pressure that favors the emergence of resistant organisms, while DCCs provide an ideal environment for transmission of these organisms. The American Academy of Pediatrics and American Academy of Family Physicians' guidelines recommend high-dose amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (rather than amoxicillin alone) as the first therapeutic choice in the treatment of AOM in children attending DCCs. The introduction of the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugated vaccine (PCV7) had a major role in decreasing the number of episodes of Streptococccus pneumoniae AOM secondary to the serotypes included in the vaccine. It also had a major role in reducing the nasopharyngeal carriage of vaccine-type S. pneumoniae (and in particular of antibacterial-resistant organisms), preventing, in this way, its spread to contacts in the community. However, the recent observation of increased rates of antibacterial-resistant non-vaccine serotype S. pneumoniae may erode the success of PCV7.
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The systemic use of a single antibiotic was compared to that of a sequential antibiotic regimen in the treatment of A. actinomycetemcomitans and/or P. gingivalis-associated periodontitis. Eleven patients with recurrent/progressive periodontitis and demonstrating subgingival infection with A.a. and/or P.g. were selected. Six patients received oral administration of doxycycline (Do), 200 mg the first day and 100 mg for 4 days thereafter, and then amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium (Au), 500 mg 3 times daily for 5 days. The other 5 patients received only doxycycline for 10 days. Eight sites with > or = 5 mm probe depth per patient were selected, of which 4 received root planing at time 0. Clinical measurements (GI and PI, probing pocket depth, probing attachment level, and bleeding upon probing/suppuration) and microbial infection levels (2 sites/patient as per DNA probe) for A.a. and P.g. were recorded at 0, 4, 12, and 25 weeks. Clinical data were subjected to statistical analysis of variance and t-tests for significance. The Do + Au groups produced significant reduction in probing pocket depth (PPD) at 4, 12, and 25 weeks (1.1, 1.3, and 1.1 mm, respectively). The Do group produced significant reduction in PPD only at 4 and 12 weeks (0.8 and 0.8 mm); the Do + Au group produced significant gain of 0.8 mm in probing attachment level at 4 and 12 weeks; and the Do + Au group in conjunction with root planing produced the most sustained reduction in PPD and gain in PAL. These findings suggest that the sequential use of multiple antibiotic agents may offer greater promise as an adjunctive treatment approach for the management of recurrent and/or progressive periodontitis than a single antibiotic regimen.