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The result showed that in children before treatment (0) mean plasma Ox concentration was 2.439 +/- 0.645 micromol/l. In 3rd day (a) the Ox concentration increased to 7.848 +/- 0.999 micromol/l (p < 0.01), in last day of treatment (b) decreased to 5.681 +/- 0.871 micromol/l, and after 3 weeks (c) came back to initial values (p > 0.05). Intravenous antibiotics administration did not influence plasma Ox concentration.
This is an unusual outbreak of histoplasmosis following short-term travel to Africa. Pulmonary histoplasmosis should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of an acute febrile respiratory illness in travelers returning from endemic areas or reporting activities suggesting exposure.
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Levofloxacin, an antibiotic from the quinolone family, which is used with success in the ambulatory treatment of patients with community-acquired pneumonia, has been recently introduced to the pharmaceutical market. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness and tolerance of oral (v.o.) levofloxacin (LVF) versus intravenous (i.v.) amoxicillin/clavulanate (AMX/CL) and ceftriaxone (CTX) in the treatment of the community-acquired pneumonia that require hospitalization (CAPH).
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A 9-year-old male Jack Russell Terrier with a history of travel to Thailand was presented with chronic lethargy, weight loss, unilateral anterior uveitis, pancytopenia, hyperglobulinemia, and proteinuria. Numerous trypomastigotes were found on a blood smear, and using molecular methods the parasite was identified as Trypanosoma evansi. After initial response to treatment, the dog experienced a relapse with central neurologic signs 88 days after initial presentation and died. Antibodies to T evansi were detected in both serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) using a card agglutination test (CATT/T evansi), and PCR analysis of CSF for T evansi was positive. Findings at necropsy included marked non-purulent meningoencephalitis. Chronic infection with T evansi in a dog that returned to Germany following international travel highlights the risk associated with introduction of foreign animal diseases to Europe and the possibility of these infections becoming endemic. Detection of chronic infection and curative therapy of trypanosomiasis are challenging, and infection is usually fatal in the dog.
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Antibiotic maintenance therapy appears safe, well-tolerated and effective for the treatment of chronic antibiotic-dependent pouchitis. It results in an improved quality of life and function. Prepouch ileitis, but not failure of mucosal healing, is associated with an increased risk of developing antibiotic resistance.
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Propionibacterium acnes is the gram positive anaerobic bacteria belongs to the normal skin and oral microbial flora. The participation of this microorganism in the infective endocarditis is still controversial. The aim of the study was to perform the diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties in 5 patients with infective endocarditis caused by Propionibacterium acnes. In 3 out of 5 patients the infective endocarditis developed after prosthesis valve replacement, in 2 others on the native valves. The inserted prostheses were mechanical ones, propionibacterium acnes was identified as causative organisms in all of the causes (two positive blood and/or valve culture). The bacterial strains were sensitive to the antibiotics as: penicillins, cephalosporins, clindamycin, and vancomycin, however cephalosporins used at the beginning of the treatment in 3 patients and clindamycin in 1 patient had limited clinical efficacy. Later treatment with timentin, augmentin and tienamycin was successful in 3 patients; one patient was cured with vancomycin. One patient died because of septic, embolic complication in early stage of illness. We conclude the effectiveness of penicillins in combination with clavulanic acid and tienamycin in therapy of infective endocarditis due to Propionibacterium acnes. The treatment should be lasted during 4-6 weeks.
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This study showed that postoperative care with amoxicillin/clavulante did not improve the short-term outcome of FESS on chronic rhinosinusitis or decrease bacterial growth 3weeks after FESS, although the long-term influence was not evaluated in this study.
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The median (range) observed maximum plasma concentrations of amoxicillin and clavulanate were 11.5 (3.3-40.2) mg/L and 5.1 (0.8-12.1) mg/L, respectively. The median (range) elimination half-lives were 94 (73-215) and 89 (57-140) min, respectively. Simulation indicated that co-amoxiclav 1750/250 mg given at 4, 6, 8 or 12 hourly dosing intervals would be associated with a T > MIC of < or = 50% in 0.7%, 2.8%, 8.6% and 33.2% of patients, respectively. Corresponding proportions for T > MIC of > or = 90% were 95.8%, 78.6%, 50.2% and 10.8%, respectively.
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Tigecycline was generally safe and effective in the treatment of cSSSIs.
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Levofloxacin was as well tolerated and effective as standard-of-care antibiotics for the treatment of CAP in infants and children.