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A 19-year-old man presented with a 1.5-cm nodule on the first dorsal metacarpal ray. The patient denied having contact with fish tanks or fish, but recalled handling many reptiles without gloves in the vivarium where he worked. A culture of a skin biopsy specimen yielded Mycobacterium marinum. The clinical outcome was favourable after a 2-week course of intramuscular gentamicin (180 mg daily) combined with a 6-week course of oral clarithromycin (500 mg twice a day). Doctors should be aware that vivariums, in addition to fish tanks, can be sources of M. marinum exposure.
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In the pre-H. py/ori eradication antral biopsies, chronic gastritis, active gastritis, atrophy, intestinal metaplasia (IM) and lymphoid follicles / aggregates were seen in 53 (100%), 49 (92%), 11 (21%), 7 (13%) and 28 (53%) patients, respectively. In the corresponding biopsies from gastric corpus, these changes were seen in 49 (92%), 23 (43%), 2 (4%), 2 (4%) and 8 (15%), respectively. All changes except IM were significantly more frequent and of higher grade in the antrum. The grade of chronic gastritis was significantly higher in antrum than corpus; the frequency of gastritis in the antrum and corpus was similar (100% vs. 92%). H. pylori density was also higher in the antrum and correlated well with the grades of chronic gastritis and activity at both sites. Eradication of H. pylori was achieved in 39 patients (74%), and led to significant decrease in gastritis; no change was seen in patients who did not eradicate the organism.
One 50-μL drop of CLA (0.25%) was administered to each New Zealand white rabbit in a single dose group, and one 50-μL drop of CLA was administered 6 times at 5-min intervals to each rabbit in a loading dose group. The effect of debridement on corneal penetration was also investigated in a de-epithelium group. The drug concentrations in the cornea and aqueous humor (AH) were assayed using high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) analysis.
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He was treated with minocycline, clarithromycin, and ethambutol. In addition, he underwent radical synovectomy of the lesion.
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Fifty-five patients (age range, 15 mo-16 y) with the diagnosis of NTM cervicofacial lymphadenitis by fine-needle aspiration biopsy that had 1) lymph node culture positive for an atypical mycobacteria, 2) histological findings consistent with mycobacterial infection (granulomas) with negative bartonella serological titers, 3) histological stain positive for the presence of acid-fast bacillus in the absence of tuberculous infection, or 4) positive Mantoux tuberculin skin test result with a negative finding on polymerase chain reaction for tuberculous mycobacteria. Clinical response was defined as complete or partial resolution of skin changes and palpable lymphadenopathy in response to antibiotic therapy consisting of macrolide therapy alone or in combination with other anti-mycobacterial pharmaceuticals.
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The MICs of clarithromycin, amoxicillin, and metronidazole for 150 Helicobacter pylori isolates were determined using the AnaeroPack system and were compared with those determined using a microaerophilic incubator. The MICs of clarithromycin, amoxicillin, and metronidazole determined under both microaerophilic atmospheres were mostly within one twofold dilution for 146 (97.3%), 150 (100%), and 149 (99.3%) of the isolates, respectively.
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The aim of this study was to evaluate pharmaceuticals using a near-infrared chemical imaging (NIR-CI) technique for visualizing the distribution of ingredients in solid dosage forms of commercially available clarithromycin tablets. The cross section of a tablet was measured using the NIR-CI system for evaluating the distribution of ingredients in the tablet. The chemical images were generated by performing multivariate analysis methods: principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares (PLS) with normalized near-infrared (NIR) spectral data. We gained spectral and distributional information related to clarithromycin, cornstarch, and magnesium stearate by using PCA analysis. On the basis of this information, the distribution images of these ingredients were generated using PLS analysis. The results of PCA analysis enabled us to analyze individual components by using PLS even if sufficient information on the products was not available. However, some ingredients such as binder could not be detected using NIR-CI, because their particle sizes were smaller than the pixel size (approximately 25×25×50 µm) and they were present in low concentrations. The combined analysis using both PCA and PLS with NIR-CI was useful to analyze the distribution of ingredients in a commercially available pharmaceutical even when sufficient information on the product is not available.