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Ciplin (Bactrim)

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Ciplin (generic name: Co-trimoxazole; brand names include: Septra / Ciplin / Septrin) is a combination of two antibiotics (trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole) used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections.

Other names for this medication:
Bactiver, Bactrim, Bactron, Bactropin, Baktar, Balkatrin, Biotrim, Biseptol, Cotrim, Cozole, Deprim, Ditrim, Ectaprim, Eusaprim, Gantrisin, Globaxol, Kemoprim, Lagatrim, Primadex, Purbac, Resprim, Sanprima, Sepmax, Septra, Septran, Septrin, Soltrim, Sulfa, Sulfamethoxazole, Sulfametoxazol, Sulfatrim, Sumetrolim, Supreme, Sutrim, Tagremin, Trifen, Trimoks, Trimol, Trisul, Vanadyl

Similar Products:
Thiosulfil Forte, Gantanol, Azulfidine, Gantrisin


Also known as:  Bactrim.


Ciplin is effective in a variety of upper and lower respiratory tract infections, renal and urinary tract infections, gastrointestinal tract infections, skin and wound infections, septicaemias and other infections caused by sensitive organisms.

Each Ciplin tablet contains 80 mg trimethoprim and 400 mg sulfamethoxazole.

Each Ciplin DS (double strength) tablet contains 160 mg trimethoprim and 800 mg sulfamethoxazole.


Adults: The usual adult dosage in the treatment of urinary tract infections is 1 Ciplin DS (double strength) tablet or 2 Ciplin tablets every 12 hours for 10 to 14 days. An identical daily dosage is used for 5 days in the treatment of shigellosis.

Children: The recommended dose for children with urinary tract infections or acute otitis media is 40 mg/kg sulfamethoxazole and 8 mg/kg trimethoprim per 24 hours, given in two divided doses every 12 hours for 10 days. An identical daily dosage is used for 5 days in the treatment of shigellosis.


Often, no treatment is needed for an antibiotic overdose. Usually, you'll need to watch for stomach upset and possibly diarrhea. In those cases, you should give extra fluids.


Store at room temperature between 20 to 25 degrees C (68 to 77 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Ciplin are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Ciplin is contraindicated in pediatric patients less than 2 months of age.

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Antibiotics are usually used to prevent childhood recurrent urinary tract infections: cystitis or pyelonephritis. The mechanism of action of these antibiotics, although imperfectly known, seems to be double: the antibiotic acts by its bactericidal effect, but also probably for minimal concentrations by reducing adhesion capability of bacteria to the urothelium. The most commonly used molecules are cotrimoxazole, trimethoprime, pivmecillinam, cefaclor and nalidixic acid. However all have not been studied rigorously as for their prophylactic capacity, and in particular very little is known for patients presenting with vesico-ureteral reflux.

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A two-year-old, male English springer spaniel developed severe mucocutaneous ulceration following treatment with trimethoprim-potentiated sulphadiazine. The clinical signs were consistent with Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS): there were no target or arciform lesions typical of erythema multiforme minor and major; more than one mucosal surface was affected; epidermal detachment affected less than 10 per cent of the body surface area; and there was a clear history of drug exposure. Systemic signs included a severe hepatopathy, dyspnoea, pyrexia and cachexia. Glucocorticoid therapy was associated with secondary infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The clinical signs rapidly resolved following a single intravenous infusion of 0.51 g/kg human immunoglobulin (ivHIG) as a 5 per cent solution. By blocking FAS/FAS ligand (CD95/CD95L) interactions, ivHIG is thought to prevent keratinocyte apoptosis. It also binds to immunoglobulin G Fc receptors, inhibiting cell activation and cytokine synthesis, neutralises autoantibodies and immune complexes, blocks complement activity, is antimicrobial and increases colloid osmotic pressure. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of successful treatment of canine SJS using ivHIG, although it has been used to treat erythema multiforme in a cat and toxic epidermal necrolysis in a dog.

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Forty six blood culture positive cases were studied during the current outbreak of multidrug resistant typhoid fever (MRTF). The present outbreak was caused by E1 phage type and organisms were resistant to all commonly used drugs for the treatment of typhoid fever, viz., chloramphenicol (78%), co-trimoxazole (76%) and ampicillin (68%). Treatment failures with chloramphenicol (45.5%) corroborated well with in vitro resistance. No treatment failure was seen with chloramphenicol and ceftriaxone, when these drugs were used in cases infected with sensitive strains. Among the alternative drugs used in cases with in vitro sensitivity, successful clinical response was seen with ceftriaxone (4/4) and cefotaxime (8/9) as compared to cephalexin (3/5) or a combination of cephalexin and furazolidone (9/12).

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Shigellosis is usually a non-invasive enteric disease, rarely accompanied by extra-intestinal manifestations. Shigella septicaemia is therefore reported in a child aged 10 months. In the laboratory the organism was resistant to ampicillin and only moderately susceptible to chloramphenicol. The patient responded well to cotrimoxazole to which the organism isolated was susceptible in vitro. We recommend that blood as well as faeces should be cultured in exceptionally ill patients with suspected or otherwise confirmed shigella infection.

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To document the prevalence of malaria parasitaemia among the HIV infected febrile children in a malaria endemic area.

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ciplin tablets 2017-02-27

A 62-year-old Caucasian female presented with weight loss, anaemia and behavioural changes but denied any abdominal symptoms. Thrombocytopenia subsequently developed rapidly. Bone marrow examination showed abundant megakaryocytes in keeping with peripheral platelet sequestration. In addition, there was significant polyclonal plasmacytosis. She was also found to have a 1.6 cm tricuspid vegetation. The diagnosis was confirmed by presence of foamy macrophages on duodenal biopsy, positive periodic acid-Schiff staining and visualisation of T whipplei actinomycetes on electron microscopy. Tissue PCR performed mid-treatment showed traces of T whipplei DNA. The infection was treated with a 2-week intravenous course of ceftriaxone followed by 12 months of oral co-trimoxazole. The thrombocytopenia and anaemia resolved rapidly with antibiotic Denvar 40 Mg Prozac therapy, her behaviour returned to normal and she remains clinically well.

ciplin syrup 2016-08-26

The effects of administration for four days of co-trimoxazole (2 X 500 mg tablets daily) and erythromycin stearate (3 X 500 Cefobid Dose mg tablets daily) on persistently abnormal polymorphonuclear leucocyte (PMNL) migration in six individuals with a history of chronic or recurrent bacterial infections were studied. The effects of co-incubation of PMNL in vitro with both antimicrobial agents at concentrations of 12(-5) and 10(-4) M were also investigated. Two different leucoattractants were used, autologous serum activated with bacterial endotoxin (EAS) and the synthetic chemotactic tripeptide FMLP. In three homosexual males with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) abnormal PMNL motility was associated with the presence of serum inhibitor(s) of cell migration. In a fourth female subject, with recurrent episodes of acute periodontitis, and intrinsic cellular defect of PMNL migration associated with markedly impaired FMLP-induced degranulation and binding to PMNL was observed. In the remaining two subjects with chronic osteomyelitis, the precise abnormality of PMNL movement was not defined but appeared to be of the cellular intrinsic type. Co-incubation of PMNL with erythromycin, but not cotrimoxazole, at both concentrations tested (10(-5) and 10(-4) M) significantly improved cell migration to EAS, Likewise administration of erythromycin, but not cotrimoxazole, significantly improved PMNL migration to EAS. Improvement or correction of abnormal PMNL motility during antimicrobial chemotherapy with erythromycin may be a useful property of this antimicrobial agent.

ciplin suspension 2017-02-08

Hyperkalemia complicates trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) therapy in over 20% of HIV-infected patients. TMP is a heterocyclic weak base, similar to amiloride, a "K(+)-sparing" diuretic and Na+ channel blocker. Apical TMP is known to inhibit amiloride-sensitive short circuit current in A6 cells, a tissue culture model for mammalian cortical collecting tubule principal cells [1]. We used cell-attached patch clamp techniques to investigate the effect of TMP on the 4 pS, highly selective Na+ channel in the apical membrane of A6 cells grown on permeable supports in the presence of 1.5 microM aldosterone. Baseline channel activity at resting membrane potential, measured as NPo (N of channels x open probability), was 1.09 +/- 0.50 (N = 18). NPo (0.92 +/- 0.38; N = 9) was unchanged when 10(-3) M TMP was added to Levobact 500 Mg Side Effects the basolateral bath for 30 minutes. However, apical exposure with pipettes containing 10(-3) or 10(-5) M TMP reduced NPo approximately tenfold (0.12 +/- 0.08; N = 7 and 0.18 +/- 0.14; N = 12, respectively). Kinetic analysis revealed the appearance of a new closed state after apical TMP treatment. Another group of A6 cells were pretreated with 10(-3) M apical TMP for 30 minutes prior to patching with pipettes filled with TMP-free saline. NPo progressively rose from 0.07 +/- 0.09 to 0.87 +/- 0.23 (N = 5) as the residual TMP was diluted within the pipette. Apical or basolateral pretreatment (30 min) with 10(-3) M SMX did not change Na+ channel activity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

what is ciplin ds tablets 2017-02-01

TMP-SMX Cefuroxime Maximum Dose remains the reference antibiotic. For one patient, only TMP-SMX (resistant in vitro) was effective; with all the other antibiotic tried (sensitive in vivo) treatment failed.

tab ciplin ds 2016-10-01

Sirolimus pharmacokinetics may change significantly when calcineurin inhibitors are switched, even with staggered administration, which may not completely prevent a drug interaction between cyclosporine and sirolimus solution. Sulfamethoxazole 60 Mg

what is ciplin suspension 2015-11-05

Two hundred and three children, median age 1.8 (Interquartile [IQ]: 0.7-4) years had NP swabs submitted for culture. One hundred and eighty-four (90.7%) had either stage B or C HIV disease. One hundred and forty-one (69.8%) were receiving TMP-SMX and 19 (9.4%) were on antiretroviral therapy. The majority, 168 (82%) had a history of hospitalization and 91 (44.8%) were enrolled during a period of hospitalization. Thirty-two subjects (16.2%) died within 12 months of study entry. One hundred and eighty-one potential pathogens were found in 167 children. The most commonly isolated organisms were Streptococcus pneumoniae (48: 22.2%), Gram-negative respiratory organisms (Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis) (47: 21.8%), Staphylococcus aureus (44: 20.4%), Enterobacteriaceae 32 (14.8%) and Pseudomonas 5 (2.3%). Resistance to TMP-SMX occurred in > 80% of pathogens except for M. catarrhalis (2: 18.2% of tested organisms). TMP-SMX resistance tended to be higher in those receiving it at baseline (p = 0.065). Carriage of Methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) was significantly associated with being on TMP-SMX at baseline (p = 0.002). Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) to penicillin were determined for 18 S. pneumoniae isolates: 7 (38.9%) were fully sensitive (MIC or=2 microg/ml). Fifty percent of Enterobacteriaceae produced extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) (resistant to third generation cephalosporins) and 56% were resistant to gentamicin. Seventy-seven percent of S. aureus were MRSA. Carriage of resistant organisms was not associated with hospitalization.On multivariate logistic regression, risk factors for colonization with Enterobacteriaceae were age Megamox 228 Dosage Odds ratio 3.6; 95% Confidence Interval 1.5-8.6; p = 0.005)Nineteen (9.4%) subjects had 23 episodes of bacteremia. Enterobacteriaceae were most commonly isolated (13 of 25 isolates), of which 6 (46%) produced ESBL and were resistant to gentamicin.

ciplin ds tablets 2017-08-12

Rates of laboratory and clinical adverse events were similar in the two groups. 51 patients in the co-trimoxazole group (13.8/100 person-years) and 86 in the placebo group (25.4/100 person-years) died (decrease In risk 46% [95% CI 23-62], p<0.001). 29 patients on co-trimoxazole (8.2/100 person-years) and 47 on placebo (15.0 Mahacef Plus 400 Mg /100 person-years) were admitted to hospital at least once after randomisation (decrease 43% [10-64]), p=0.02). There were significantly fewer admissions for septicaemia and enteritis in the co-trimoxazole group than in the placebo group.

ciplin drug 2015-09-12

A 4-month-old female kitten presented with chronic lower urinary tract signs and Escherichia coli cystitis, and was diagnosed with urinary bladder malakoplakia based upon histopathology. The kitten was treated with a prolonged antibiotic course and the malakoplakia resolved. Malakoplakia is a chronic granulomatous reaction characterized Kegunaan Obat Zibramax 500 Mg by the formation of Michaelis-Gutman bodies within von Hansemann macrophages. It is well described in humans, but has never been documented in a living veterinary patient. This case report describes the first successful treatment of malakoplakia in veterinary medicine.