cefspan 100 mg dry syrup
Pathogens are mostly resistant to antibiotics including amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin, cephalosporins and nitrofurantoin, with few exceptions including gentamicin, amikacin and meropenem.
cefspan 100 mg
An open, multicenter non-comparative study was carried out in 8 centres in Italy to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of cefixime (Suprax - Lederle), a third generation oral cephalosporin administered once daily to patients affected by exacerbation of chronic bronchitis. All patients, 124 males and 21 females, aged between 50 and 85, were treated with Suprax at the dose of 400 mg/day for a mean period of 7.4 days. Clinical and laboratory examinations were performed at: T0 (beginning of treatment), T1 (3-4 days after the beginning of treatment), T2 (end of treatment). The following signs/symptoms were recorded in order to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy: sputum quality and quantity, cough, dyspnoea, fever, bronchospasm, chest clinical findings. All these signs and symptoms significantly improved (p between < 0.001 and < 0.05; mean improvement for sign, weighted for time of improvement). Bio-humoral parameters were also recorded in order to evaluate potential therapeutic influences. A significant decrease was observed (p < 0.01 Student t test for paired data) in the white blood cell count and the leukocyte formula. The datum regarding the white blood cell count and leukocyte formula is to be considered a primary effect of the treatment, proving its success. A microbiological search for the pathogen responsible for the infectious process was also performed: in 70/145 subjects the responsible pathogen was identified. The micro-organism was eradicate in 66/70 at T2 (94.3%), the difference T0 = T2 is significant. The X-Ray evidence suggesting a chronic bronchitis, was also evaluated in 81 patients. At T2, in 75/81 subjects the X-Ray evidence turned out to be negative, while in 6/81 it remained positive. This difference was statistically significant (p < 0.01 sign test). An overall clinical evaluation showed a therapeutic success in 133/145 treated patients (91.7%). No side effects were observed.
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To study multidrug-resistance in Uropathogenic E. Coli (UPEC) isolated from non-hospitalized patients.
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Recent reports indicate decreased susceptibility of S. typhi to fluoroquinolones, especially ciprofloxacin. Chloramphenicol has been suggested as first line therapy of enteric fever in many studies. This is a prospective study that describes the trends of antimicrobial susceptibility of S. typhi and S. paratyphi A causing bacteraemia in children and reports therapeutic failure to ciprofloxacin and evaluates the possible use of chloramphenicol, ampicillin, ciprofloxacin and third generation cephalosporins as first line therapy in the treatment of enteric fever in children.
cefspan antibiotic dosage
In Korea, susceptibility to spectinomycin remains high. However, the recent emergence of ESC-resistant N. gonorrhoeae strains, including strains possessing the PBP2 mosaic X and non-mosaic XIII alleles, is a major concern and enhanced AMR surveillance is necessary to prevent transmission of these strains.
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In a prospective multicenter trial, children aged 1 to 36 months with their first case of acute pyelonephritis, a serum procalcitonin concentration ≥0.5 ng/mL, no known uropathy, and a normal ultrasound exam were randomized into 2 treatment groups. They received either oral cefixime for 10 days or intravenous ceftriaxone for 4 days followed by oral cefixime for 6 days. Patients with acute renal lesions detected on early dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy underwent a follow-up scintigraphy 6 to 8 months later.
cefspan capsule 400mg
Gastrointestinal toxicity, such as late-onset diarrhea, is a significant concern in irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11)-containing regimens. Prophylaxis of late-onset diarrhea has been reported with use of Japanese traditional (Kampo) medicine containing baicalin and with the antibiotic cefixime, and this has been explained in terms of inhibition of bacterial deconjugation of SN-38-glucuronide since unconjugated SN-38 (active metabolite of CPT-11) is responsible for the gastrointestinal toxicity. It is also prerequisite for SN-38 to be accumulated in intestinal tissues to exert toxicity. Based on the fact that liver-specific organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP)1B1, a member of the same family as OATP2B1, is known to be involved in hepatic transport of SN-38, we hypothesized that intestinal transporter OATP2B1 contributes to the accumulation of SN-38 in gastrointestinal tissues, and its inhibition would help prevent associated toxicity. We found that uptake of SN-38 by OATP2B1-expressing Xenopus oocytes was significantly higher than that by control oocytes. OATP2B1-mediated uptake of SN-38 was saturable, pH dependent, and decreased in the presence of baicalin, cefixime, or fruit juices such as apple juice. In vivo gastrointestinal toxicity of SN-38 in mice caused by oral administration for consecutive 5 days was prevented by coingestion of apple juice. Thus, OATP2B1 contributes to the uptake of SN-38 by intestinal tissues, triggering gastrointestinal toxicity. So, in addition to the reported inhibition of bacterial β-glucuronidase by cefixime or baicalin, inhibition of OATP2B1 may also contribute to prevention of gastrointestinal toxicity. Apple juice may be helpful for prophylaxis of late-onset diarrhea observed in CPT-11 therapy without disturbance of the intestinal microflora.
WGS was used to identify previously reported potential resistance determinants in 681 N. gonorrhoeae isolates, from England, the USA and Canada, with phenotypes for cefixime, penicillin, azithromycin, ciprofloxacin and tetracycline determined as part of national surveillance programmes. Multivariate linear regression models were used to identify genetic predictors of MIC. Model performance was assessed using leave-one-out cross-validation.
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Hydrolysis of cefixime in buffer solutions (pH 1-9) at 25 degrees C and a constant ionic strength of 0.3 was investigated using ion-pair reversed-phase HPLC. Hydrolysis rates followed pseudo first-order kinetics; the rate of hydrolysis of cefixime was very slow at pH 4-7, slightly faster at lower pH, and quite rapid at higher pH. In the early stages of hydrolysis, six major degradation products were isolated and identified: a beta-lactam ring-opened product and a 7-epimer (basic conditions), three lactones derived from intramolecular cyclization between the 2-carboxyl and 3-vinyl groups (acidic conditions), and an aldehyde derivative involving a 7-acyl moiety (neutral conditions). Principal degradation pathways for cefixime were found to involve initial cleavage of the beta-lactam ring.
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The activity of RU29246, the active metabolite of the oral cephalosporin ester HR916, was compared in a multicenter study with that of the four oral beta-lactam antibiotics cephalexin, cefaclor, cefixime and amoxicillin/clavulanate (amoxicillin/CA). RU29246 was generally 2- to 8-fold more active than the other oral cephalosporins and comparable to amoxicillin/CA against staphylococci, and was the most active cephalosporin against group B streptococci. All four cephalosporins were ineffective against enterococci. RU29246 was the only cephalosporin consistently active against Acinetobacter, but all beta-lactam antibiotics had poor activity against Pseudomonas spp. and Xanthomonas maltophilia. RU29246 was comparable to cefixime and more active than the other cephalosporins against members of the family Enterobacteriaceae. However, all of the antibiotics had poor activity against Enterobacter cloacae and Serratia marcescens. Quality control reference ranges for the quality control organisms Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 are proposed for the broth dilution method based on data derived from this multicenter study.