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Cefpodoxime (Vantin)
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Cefpodoxime

Cefpodoxime is used for treating mild to moderate infections caused by certain bacteria. Cefpodoxime is a cephalosporin antibiotic. It works by interfering with the formation of the bacteria's cell wall so that the wall ruptures, resulting in the death of the bacteria.

Other names for this medication:
Cefirax, Cefobid, Cefodox, Cefoprox, Cefpodoxima, Cepodem, Orelox, Otreon, Tambac, Vantin

Similar Products:
Duricef, Ancef, Kefazol, Keflex, Keftabs, Velocef, Intracef, Ceporin

 

Also known as:  Vantin.

Description

Cefpodoxime is an oral, third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It is active against most Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms. Notable exceptions include Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococcus, and Bacteroides fragilis. Currently, it is only marketed as generic preparations in the USA, according to the FDA Orange Book. It is commonly used to treat acute otitis media, pharyngitis, sinusitis, and gonorrhea. It also finds use as oral continuation therapy when intravenous cephalosporins (such as ceftriaxone) are no longer necessary for continued treatment.

Cefpodoxime inhibits cell wall synthesis by inhibiting the final transpeptidation step of peptidoglycan synthesis in cell walls. It has well established pharmacokinetic profile with absorption of 50%. It is indicated in community acquired pneumonia, uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections, and uncomplicated urinary tract infections.

Dosage

Take this medication exactly as it was prescribed for you. Do not take the medication in larger amounts, or take it for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Take this medicine with a full glass of water.

The Cefpodoxime tablet should be taken with food.

Cefpodoxime oral suspension (liquid) can be taken with or without food.

Shake the liquid well just before you measure a dose. To be sure you get the correct dose, measure the liquid with a marked measuring spoon or medicine cup, not with a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

This medication can cause you to have false results with certain medical tests, including urine glucose (sugar) tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using Cefpodoxime.

Take Cefpodoxime for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated. Cefpodoxime will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Store the tablets at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

Store Cefpodoxime oral liquid in the refrigerator. Do not allow it to freeze. Throw away any unused medication that is older than 14 days.

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.

Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhea.

Take the medication as soon as you remember the missed dose. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and use the medicine at your next regularly scheduled time. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhea.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. After mixing the suspension store in a refrigerator between 2 and 8 degrees C (36 and 46 degrees F). Do not freeze. Throw away unused portion after fourteen days. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Cefpodoxime are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take this medication if you are allergic to cefpodoxime, or to similar antibiotics, such as Ceftin, Cefzil, Keflex, Omnicef, and others.

Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs (especially penicillin). Also tell your doctor if you have kidney disease or a history of intestinal problems.

Take this medication for the entire length of time prescribed by your doctor. Your symptoms may get better before the infection is completely treated. Cefpodoxime will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If you have diarrhea that is watery or has blood in it, call your doctor. Do not use any medicine to stop the diarrhea unless your doctor has told you to.

cefpodoxime zentiva 100 mg

As one of the biodefense mechanisms, lactoferrin (LFN) in the secreta of female genital organ may be an interesting biological material in view of its antimicrobial activity. In the present study, we investigated antimicrobial activities of LFN and its combination with cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR), we also as evaluated clinical effect of CPDX-PR. The following results were obtained. 1. Antimicrobial activities of LFN were tested against 15 strains of 10 species of bacteria, and potent activities against Staphylococcus aureus 209P, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus spp. were found. 2. In a concomitant use of LFN with CPDX-PR (a checkerboard method), synergistic actions were observed against S. aureus 209P, E. coli STf, K. pneumoniae 602 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa 1046, and additive actions against E. coli NIHJ and Providencia rettgeri 1603. In 3 strains, the MICs of CPDX-PR in the presence of LFN were reduced to < 1/64. 3. In the evaluation of clinical effect of CPDX-PR, efficacy rates were 53/57 (92.9%) in a patient group with infections. The incidence of adverse reaction was 0/57.

cefpodoxime 200 mg brand name

Cefpodoxime proxetil, a new oral cephalosporin, is the prodrug ester of cefpodoxime. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of RU 51746 (sodium salt of cefpodoxime: CPD) were evaluated by agar dilution for 1 696 bacterial strains isolated in 5 hospitals. For Enterobacteriaceae, MIC 50 and 90% were respectively (micrograms/ml): (1) naturally non bêtalactamase producing species: E. coli, Shigella and Salmonella 0.25-0.5; P. mirabilis 0.06-0.12. (II) chromosomal penicillinase producing species: Klebsiella 0.12-1. (III) chromosomal cephalosporinase producing species: E. cloacae and C. freundii 2-greater than 128; S. marcescens 2-64; indole + Proteus 0.25-64; P. stuartii 0.25-16. Activity of CPD was not modified on plasmid mediated penicillinase producing strains, but CPD was inactive on cephalosporinase hyperproducing strains, and on broad spectrum bêtalactamases producing strains. CPD was inactive on P. aeruginosa (MIC greater than or equal to 64) and on A. baumannii (16-pi 128). Haemophilus, regardless on bêtalactamase production status, were very susceptible to CPD (MIC less than or equal to 0.25) and B. catarrhalis was generally inhibited by 0.12 to 1. CPD was poorly active on methicillin susceptible Staphylococci (MIC 50 and 90%: 2-4) and inactive on methicillin resistant strains. Enterococci and Listeria monocytogenes were generally resistant; Streptococci A, B, C, G and Pneumococci were inhibited by low concentration: 0.002 to 0.25 (MIC 50 and 90%: 0.016-0.032) whereas MIC for other Streptococci were 0.004 to 32 (MIC 50 and 90%: 0.25-4). These antibacterial properties placed CPD in excellent position among oral cephalosporins.

cefpodoxime proxetil canine dosage

The present work is the maiden drug utilization study conducted in ENT department at our university hospital. It highlighted some rational prescription patterns including less utilization of antibiotics in ENT infections, good adherence by patients and prescription by brand names. The data presented here will be useful in future, long-term and more extensive drug utilization studies in the hospital and in promotion of rational prescribing and drug use in hospitals.

cefpodoxime drug

Cefpodoxime demonstrates good in vitro activity against pathogens frequently associated with respiratory tract, urinary tract, and skin and tissue infections. It has not demonstrated greater efficacy than the other antibiotics to which it has been compared. The available published clinical trials are fraught with methodologic, statistical, and evaluative flaws. Thus, further trials comparing cefpodoxime with established treatments, as well as the newer cephalosporins, are needed before its place in therapy can be established.

cefpodoxime proxetil 8 mg

In order to evaluate clinical and bacteriological efficacy of Cefpodoxime Proxetil (CP) in typhoid fever in comparison to cefixime (CF), we assessed 140 children with suspected typhoid fever. Fulfilling inclusion criteria finally 40 culture confirmed typhoid fever were allocated in randomized double blind clinical trial (RCT) to receive therapy with either oral CP (16 mg/kg/day, n = 21) or oral CF (20 mg/kg/day, n = 19) for 10 days. The two groups were comparable in their clinical and baseline characteristics. The clinical efficacy was similar in the two groups with only 2 (one in each group) clinical failures and all showing bacteriological eradication on subsequent blood culture. The time of defervescence was comparable in both groups (4.87 Fluconazole Prophylaxis against Fungal Colonization and Invasive Fungal Infection in Very Low Birth Weight Infants 2.33 vs 4.27 +/- 2.28 days, P = 0.308), with no relapse during 3 months follow up and no significant adverse effect. CP reduced the treatment cost by 33% in comparison to cefixime. Our study suggests CP is effective, safe and cheaper oral option for treatment of typhoid fever in children.

cefpodoxime drug class

Cefpodoxime proxetil, a relatively new broad-spectrum third-generaation cephalosporin, has very good in vitro activity against Enterobacteriaceae, Hemophilus spp. and Moraxella spp., including beta-lactamase producers and many strains resistant to other oral agents. It also has activity against Gram-positive bacteria, especially against streptococci. Cefpodoxime has no activity against enterococci. It is well tolerated and is one of the first third-generation cephalosporins to be available in oral form. While the compound has been used most widely in the treatment of respiratory and urinary tract infections, its utility has also been demonstrated in the treatment of skin structure infections, acute otitis media, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, and sexually transmitted diseases.

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cefpodoxime tablets 2017-06-14

This multicenter, randomized, parallel treatment, observer-blinded study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of cefpodoxime proxetil (5 mg/kg twice daily for 10 days) compared with penicillin V (13.4 mg/kg three times daily for 10 days) for treatment of Group A streptococcal pharyngitis and tonsillitis in pediatric patients. Clinical and microbiologic results were evaluated before therapy, during therapy (Study Days 3 to 5), at the end of therapy (Study Days 14 to 18) and at long term follow-up (Study Days 30 to 32). Both drugs were well-tolerated in 578 patients evaluable for safety. Mild gastrointestinal complaints were noted in 6.7% of 386 cefpodoxime-treated patients and in 5.2% of 192 penicillin-treated patients. In 413 patients evaluable for efficacy, both treatment regimens resulted in comparably favorable clinical Cipro Drug Test outcome; cure rates were 83.8% for 275 cefpodoxime-treated patients and 77.5% for 138 penicillin-treated patients. However, eradication of S. pyogenes at end of therapy was significantly higher with cefpodoxime (93.1%) than with penicillin (81.2%) (P < 0.01). Cefpodoxime proxetil provides an effective alternative to penicillin V for the treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis and tonsillitis.

cefpodoxime tab 200mg 2017-12-21

Acute otitis media (AOM) is not only the most common bacterial infection in children in the United States, it is also the most common indication for the prescription of antibiotics. Unfortunately, antibiotic resistance to pathogens (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis) typically causative of AOM, continues to increase. More than 30% of the beta-lactamase producing H. influenzae are resistant to amoxicillin and virtually all strains of M. catarrhalis are beta-lactamase-positive. The emergence of multidrug-resistant strains, particularly S. pneumoniae, complicates the management of AOM and increases the risk for treatment failure. Because of growing resistance, the Centers for Disease Control and Myclav Drug the American Academy of Pediatrics promote the judicious use of antibiotics in the treatment of AOM. Their recommendations emphasize the importance of distinguishing AOM from otitis media with effusion, minimizing the use of antibiotics, and discerning between first- and second-line antibiotics in the treatment of simple uncomplicated AOM versus non-responsive/recurrent AOM. Because spontaneous cure rates are lower in complicated AOM and AOM secondary to S. pneumoniae infection, antibiotic therapy remains an appropriate treatment option for most children with AOM. When amoxicillin, the treatment of choice in AOM, is not effective or not tolerated in children, the prescriber should consider an alternative that displays not only excellent antimicrobial activity against the suspected pathogens, but also characteristics, such as convenient dosing, tolerability, and palatability, that promote compliance and adherence in children. The cephalosporins offer an alternative to penicillins. Cephalosporins such as cefuroxime axetil (second-generation) and cefdinir and cefpodoxime proxetil (third-generation), offer a broad spectrum of activity and are approved for use in a convenient once- or twice-daily dosing schedule, thus increasing the likelihood of compliance with the full course of therapy. Cefdinir is a possible second-line alternative to amoxicillin for children with AOM, particularly among children who are likely to be noncompliant with a two- to three-times-daily dosing schedule, and those instances where there is a high likelihood for, or a known infection with an amoxicillin-resistant pathogen.

cefpodoxime dosage in typhoid fever 2016-10-13

We measured the in-vitro susceptibility of 833 Staphylococcus aureus strains, isolated from skin infections at our hospital between July 1994 and November 2000, to 13 antimicrobial agents (ampicillin, methicillin, cephalexin, cefaclor, cefpodoxime proxetil, gentamicin, erythromycin, clindamycin, minocycline, vancomycin, fusidic acid, ofloxacin, and nadifloxacin). The concentrations required to inhibit 50% of the strains (MIC(50)) of all these antimicrobial Cefixime Tablets 200mg agents was extremely stable and ranged at levels below 3.13 microg/ml, except for gentamicin; in contrast, the MIC(90) was not uniform. The MIC(90) of vancomycin, fusidic acid, and nadifloxacin was very low and stable. No strain was resistant to vancomycin. The incidence of MRSA was 10%-20%.

cefpodoxime kidney infection 2017-12-17

Cefpodoxime proxetil (CS-807) is an orally active prodrug of an oxime-type cephem antibiotic. The MIC60 values of cefpodoxime (R-3746) the active form of CS-807, were 3.13, 6.25, 0.05, 0.38, 0.2, 0.1, 3.13, 3.13, 6.25, 6.25, 0.1 and 12.5 micrograms/ml against S. aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, S. pneumoniae, E. coli carrying R plasmids, P. vulgaris, P. Clarimax 250 Suspension Prospecto rettgeri, C. freundii, S. marcescens, A. calcoaceticus, P. cepacia, ampicillin-resistant H. influenzae and B. fragilis, respectively. Its activity was stronger than that of cefaclor and ampicillin. R-3746 manifested little activity against P. aeruginosa, methicillin-resistant S. aureus, and Enterococcus spp. R-3746 showed stronger binding affinity than cefaclor with the PBP2 of S. aureus, PBPs 1a, 1bs, 2 and 3 of E. coli, PBPs 1b, 1c and 3 of P. rettgeri, and the PBP3 of P. aeruginosa than cefaclor. Synergy of the bactericidal effect between R-3746 and serum complement was moderate, although the cells of E. coli NIHJ-JC2 and S. aureus 209P were well engulfed and rapidly digested by mouse-cultured macrophages in the presence of greater than 1/8 MIC of R-3746. Good clinical efficacy can be expected of CS-807 provided its pharmacokinetics prove to be good.

cefpodoxime medication 2017-07-17

Cefpodoxime for 10 days vs cefpodoxime Cilamox Antibiotic for 5 days vs penicillin V for 10 days produced bacteriologic eradication at the end of therapy in 95%, 90%, and 78% of the patients, respectively. The 10- and 5-day cefpodoxime treatment regimens were more efficacious than penicillin V (P = .003 and P = .02, respectively). The cumulative bacteriologic failure rate among assessable patients by the 32- to 38-day posttreatment visit was 20 (17%) of 121 patients who were treated with cefpodoxime for 10 days, 24 (19%) of 125 patients who were treated with cefpodoxime for 5 days, and 45 (35%) of 130 patients who were treated with penicillin V for 10 days (P = .001 and P = .005, respectively). Clinical cure or improvement was observed at the end of therapy in 96%, 94%, and 91% of the patients, respectively (P = not significant). Adverse events were infrequent and similar in all three treatment groups, with minor gastrointestinal side effects predominating.

cefpodoxime clavulanic acid brand name 2015-11-06

Most authorities continue to recommend penicillin as the treatment of choice for group A streptococcal pharyngitis. If penicillin is Augmentin Generic Substitute used, 10 days of treatment are necessary to achieve a clinical and bacteriologic cure. The usually recommended penicillin V dose is 250 mg (400,000 IU) three times daily. Twice daily dosing is acceptable to some authorities if compliance is good. However, oral penicillin fails to eradicate group A streptococci from the pharynx in up to 17% of cases; in some studies 30% failure rates have been reported. Several European and United States studies indicate that a variety of oral cephalosporins, when used for 10 days, are significantly superior to penicillin V in eradicating group A streptococci from the pharynx. For example cefpodoxime proxetil given twice daily for 10 days is comparable to penicillin V given three times daily for 10 days in achieving a clinical cure and appears to be significantly superior to penicillin in eradicating group A streptococci from the pharynx. Preliminary studies from Europe and the United States strongly suggest that 5-day therapy with cefpodoxime (or other selected oral cephalosporins) is at least as effective, clinically and microbiologically, as 10-day therapy with penicillin V. Further clinical trials are warranted to confirm the adequacy of 5-day treatment and to assess the efficacy of cefpodoxime and other agents in preventing rheumatic fever.

cefpodoxime name brand 2016-03-25

Cefpodoxime exhibits good activity against many gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. In clinical trials, cefpodoxime was similar in both clinical and bacteriologic Cephalexin Keflex Dosage efficacy to amoxicillin, cefaclor, amoxicillin/clavulanate, and penicillin in the treatment of respiratory and urinary tract infections. It also appeared effective in the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections, although no comparative trials have been performed. Cefpodoxime is well tolerated by children and is effective in the treatment of otitis media and pharyngitis. It has a similar adverse effect profile to that of other penicillins and cephalosporins, with gastrointestinal effects being most common.

cefpodoxime 200mg brand name 2015-09-05

Cefpodoxime is an oral third-generation cephalosporin used for the treatment of acute upper-respiratory tract infections caused by susceptible bacteria in children. Although not indicated for the treatment of bacterial meningitis, it is used to treat other infections produced by organisms associated with meningitis and may obscure the result of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cultures in children who develop meningitis while receiving oral antibiotics if sufficient concentrations are achieved in the CSF. This study evaluated the disposition of cefpodoxime and penetration into CSF in piglets. Fifteen Landacre-Camborough cross piglets (10-20 days old) received cefpodoxime proxetil oral suspension (10 mg/kg). Repeated plasma and CSF samples were collected over 24 hours for quantitation of cefpodoxime by HPLC. Pharmacokinetic analysis was performed on both plasma and CSF data. The plasma concentration versus time data for cefpodoxime were best characterized using a one-compartment model with first-order absorption. The mean (+/- SD) pharmacokinetic parameters for Cmax, tmax, and AUC0-infinity were 23.3 +/- 12.9 mg/L, 3.9 +/- 1.4 h, and 237 +/- 129 mg/L.h, respectively. CSF/plasma ratios for AUC0-infinity Birodogyl Infection Dentaire demonstrated a mean cefpodoxime penetration of approximately 5%. CSF penetration of cefpodoxime was evident following a single oral dose of cefpodoxime proxetil suspension. Despite the small percentage of total cefpodoxime dose distributing into the CSF, the resultant concentrations approached or exceeded the MIC90 for many bacterial pathogens considered susceptible to cefpodoxime. Accordingly, clinicians should use caution in the interpretation of CSF cultures in patients who develop clinical signs and symptoms consistent with meningitis and who have been previously treated with cefpodoxime.

cefpodoxime dosage in paediatrics 2015-12-24

The effects of gastric motility on the pharmacokinetics of cefpodoxime proxetil, an oral, broad spectrum, third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic were evaluated in 12 healthy subjects. In this open-label, crossover trial, each subject took a 200 mg dose (two 100 mg film-coated tablets) in each study period. There was an initial fasting period followed by a control period and then either a propantheline or metoclopramide period. Gastric motility was measured using [99mTc]-labeled sulfur colloid in oatmeal in the control, propantheline and metoclopramide periods. Treatment with propantheline or metoclopramide was given 30 min before dosing with the antibiotic and the radioisotope. Serial images with a gamma counter were made every 15 min for 2 h. Gastric emptying time was faster than control with metoclopramide, but generally slower with propantheline than control. The mean peak plasma concentration, mean area under plasma concentration time curve and mean Levofloxacin 750 Mg Picture half-life of cefpodoxime proxetil were similar in all groups as compared to control. The mean time to peak plasma concentration was delayed in the propantheline period and peak plasma concentrations were greater at all sampling times at six hours after dosing. This study utilized the gastric nuclear scan with modification of gastric motility by metoclopramide and propantheline and with simultaneous determination of the disposition of cefpodoxime proxetil to understand the absorption of the drug.

cefpodoxime 200 mg brand name 2017-08-03

Cefpodoxime proxetil (CP) is a prodrug, the third generation cephem-type broad-spectrum antibiotic administered orally. However, CP was found to be a poorly water-soluble drug with Sulfamethoxazole How Many Mg low bioavailability when orally administered. In the present investigation, the spray-dried cefpodoxime proxetil nanosuspension (SDN) was prepared. The physicochemical properties were characterized by rheological evaluation, particle size measurement and its distribution, dynamics of reconstitution, in-vitro dissolution testing, surface morphology, surface area and pore size measurements. The pharmacokinetic study of SDN, in comparison to a marketed cefpodoxime proxetil for oral suspension (MS), was also performed in rabbits after a single oral dose. It was found that SDN exhibited a significant decrease in t(max), a 1.60-fold higher area under curve (AUC) and 2.33-fold higher maximum plasma concentration (C(max)) than MS.