basocin akne gel alternative
Different antibiotic treatments may affect the survival and physiological responses of Balb/c mice following cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). The broad spectrum imipenem (IMP) was compared with a triple antibiotic mixture of gentamicin, clindamycin, and ciprofloxacin (3AB). Control mice received injections of 5% dextrose (D5W). After CLP with a 25 gauge needle, Mini-Mitters were implanted to measure temperature and activity. Therapy began with 1 mL injections of antibiotics or D5W 2 h post-CLP and continued every 12 h for 3 days. Survival was higher in IMP mice than in 3AB or D5W mice. Starting with the injection 12 h after CLP, 3AB always induced a profound hypothermic response not observed with D5W or IMP. Nocturnal activity levels were higher in IMP mice compared with 3AB or D5W mice during the first night following CLP. To determine the cause of this hypothermic response and to further investigate the acute effects that antibiotic choice may have on murine physiology, the kinetic appearance of IL-1, IL-6, TNF, and KC as well as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), were measured in the plasma and peritoneum of mice sacrificed at 0, .5, and 1.5 h after antibiotic injection at 24 h post-CLP. Cytokine and LPS concentrations in 3AB mice were not significantly different at any of the three time points when compared with IMP or D5W mice. Our data demonstrate that antibiotic therapy consisting of 3AB produces greater morbidity and mortality compared with therapy consisting of IMP. However, the mechanism of these alterations is not due to elevated systemic levels of cytokines or LPS.
The in-vitro activity of Sch 34343 was evaluated against 137 strains of anaerobic bacteria by the agar dilution technique. Sch 34343 was compared with imipenem, cefoxitin, latamoxef (moxalactam), clindamycin and metronidazole. Organisms studied included the Bacteroides fragilis group, other Bacteroides spp., Clostridium perfringens, Cl. difficile, other Clostridium spp. and anaerobic cocci. Overall, Sch 34343 and imipenem were significantly more active than the other antibiotics against most organisms tested, especially the Bact. fragilis group, including clindamycin-resistant strains. Apart from Cl. difficile, which required up to 8 mg/l of Sch 34343 and imipenem for inhibition, all the strains were inhibited by 1 mg/l of Sch 34343 and by 2 mg/l of imipenem. Of the remaining agents tested, against the Bact. fragilis group metronidazole (2 mg/l to inhibit 90% of the strains) was the most active, followed by cefoxitin (16 mg/l), latamoxef (32 mg/l) and clindamycin (32 mg/l). On the basis of its activity in vitro, Sch 34343 appears to be one of the most promising new antimicrobial agents for the treatment of infections involving anaerobic bacteria.
basocin akne gel preis
We evaluated the relationship between clinically severe pelvic inflammatory disease and laparoscopic diagnosis and grading, comparative treatment with clindamycin plus cefamandole or doxycycline, and a management protocol for inpatient pelvic inflammatory disease treatment.
basocin 1 akne gel
There are 2 major routes involved in recurrent furunculosis: risk factors and staphylococcal colonization of close contacts. Our procedure is safe and effective, with 87% remission beyond 9 months. It merits testing on larger numbers of participants.
basocin gel 1
Sodium salicylate was combined with the antibiotics amikacin, aztreonam, cefazolin, cefonicid, cefoperazone, ceftizoxime, norfloxacin, doxycycline, clindamycin, imipenem, mezlocillin and trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole. The activity of the combinations was tested against encapsulated strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae, which differed markedly in their antibiotic susceptibility. The addition of salicylate (from 2 to 350 mg/l) to cultures increased the MIC of most antimicrobial agents from two- to four-fold, with the exception of imipenem and amikacin. Inhibition by imipenem was largely unchanged, and that of amikacin was increased in the presence of salicylate. The synergy of the combination of cefazolin and amikacin was abolished by salicylate, while the synergistic activity of imipenem and amikacin was significantly increased by salicylate. Doxycycline activity was most severely affected by salicylate as antimicrobial activity was significantly diminished at salicylate levels as low as 5 mg/l. In contrast, significant loss of inhibitory activity with other antimicrobials required at least 100 mg/l of salicylate. The clinical implications of salicylate on the sensitivity of K. pneumoniae to antimicrobials are discussed.
basocin akne gel kaufen
OBJECTIVE: To test a new system for the biotyping of Streptococcus mutans, based on the measurement of enzyme activity, and to investigate the relationship between biotype and in vitro susceptibility to seven clinically useful antibiotics. METHODS: In total, 160 oral isolates of S. mutans were classified into different biotypes with the APIZYM test for enzyme activity, excluding results that were positive or negative in >80% of the strains. The susceptibility of all 160 strains to amoxycillin, cefazolin, erythromycin, clindamycin, vancomycin, teicoplanin and imipenem was tested by dilution in a solid medium. Statistical analysis of susceptibility (mean minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs)) was based on chi-squared tests. RESULTS: Eight different biotypes (1-8) were identified on the basis of three kinds of enzyme activity: valine aryl amidase, acid phosphatase and alpha-galactosidase. Biotype 5 was found to be the most common. The mean MIC values showed strains belonging to biotype 4 to be the most susceptible to amoxycillin, cefazolin and erythromycin, whereas biotype 1 was the least susceptible to teicoplanin. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed biotyping method, which is relatively fast and simple to perform, provided reproducible results, and may contribute to clinically effective treatment of S. mutans infections.
galderma basocin akne gel
Group B streptococci (GBS) are the major cause of neonatal sepsis and meningitis. GBS infection in neonates is usually treated with a combination of penicillin and gentamicin. According to consensus guidelines, pregnant women at risk receive intrapartum prophylaxis with either ampicillin or penicillin or, in case of allergy, with erythromycin or clindamycin. We investigated the susceptibility patterns of 190 GBS strains from neonates isolated from 1993-1999 and 150 GBS strains collected from adult women in 1997 and 1999. All isolates were susceptible to penicillin, ampicillin and cefotaxime. Erythromycin resistance among all isolates from neonates and from adult women in 1997 was 4.7% and 6%, respectively. In contrast, 12% of the isolates from adult women in 1999 were resistant to erythromycin and 7% were resistant to clindamycin. These findings show an increasing macrolide resistance in recent GBS strains and indicate the need for further surveillance.